Permanent URI for this collection
Browsing Sport Management by Issue Date
Now showing 1 - 20 of 59
Results Per Page
- ItemCOVID-19 Home Confinement Negatively Impacts Social Participation and Life Satisfaction: A Worldwide Multicenter Study(MDPI, 2020) Ammar, Achraf; Chtourou, Hamdi; Boukhris, Omar; Trabelsi, Khaled; Masmoudi, Liwa; Brach, Michael; Bouaziz, Bassem; Bentlage, Ellen; How, Daniella; Ahmed, Mona; Müller, Patrick; Müller, Notger; Hsouna, Hsen; Aloui, Asma; Hammouda, Omar; Paineiras-Domingos, Laisa Liane; Braakman-Jansen, Annemarie; Wrede, Christian; Bastoni, Sofia; Pernambuco, Carlos Soares; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Taheri, Morteza; Irandoust, Khadijeh; Khacharem, Aïmen; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Strahler, Jana; Washif, Jad Adrian; Andreeva, Albina; Khoshnami, Samira C.; Samara, Evangelia; Zisi, Vasiliki; Sankar, Parasanth; Ahmed, Waseem N.; Romdhani, Mohamed; Delhey, Jan; Bailey, Stephen J.; Bott, Nicholas T.; Gargouri, Faiez; Chaari, Lotfi; Batatia, Hadj; Ali, Gamal Mohamed; Abdelkarim, Osama; Jarraya, Mohamed J; Abed, Kais El; Souissi, Nizar; Gemert-Pijnen, Lisette Van; Riemann, Bryan L.; Riemann, Laurel; Moalla, Wassim; Gómez-Raja, Jonathan; Epstein, Monique; Sanderman, Robbert; Schulz, Sebastian; Jerg, Achim; Al-Horani, Ramzi; Mansi, Taiysir; Jmail, Mohamed; Barbosa, Fernando; Ferreira-Santos, Fernando; Šimunič, Boštjan; Pišot, Rado; Pišot, Saša; Gaggioli, Andrea; Zmijewski, Piotr; Apfelbacher, Christian; Steinacker, Jürgen; Saad, Helmi Ben; Glenn, Jordan M.; Chamari, Karim; Driss, Tarak; Hoekelmann, Anita; ECLB-COVID19 ConsortiumPublic health recommendations and governmental measures during the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic have enforced numerous restrictions on daily living including social distancing, isolation, and home confinement. While these measures are imperative to mitigate spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on psychosocial health is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey was launched in April 2020 to elucidate the behavioral and lifestyle consequences of COVID-19 restrictions. This report presents the preliminary results from more than one thousand responders on social participation and life satisfaction. Methods: Thirty-five research organizations from Europe, North-Africa, Western Asia, and the Americas promoted the survey through their networks to the general society, in 7 languages (English, German, French, Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, and Slovenian). Questions were presented in a differential format with questions related to responses “before” and “during” confinement conditions. Results: 1047 participations (54% women) from Asia (36%), Africa (40%), Europe (21%), and others (3%) were included in the analysis. Findings revealed psychosocial strain during the enforced COVID-19 home confinement. Large decreases (p < 0.001) in the amount of social activity through family (−58%), friends/neighbors (−44.9%), or entertainment (−46.7%) were triggered by the enforced confinement. These negative effects on social participation were also associated with lower life satisfaction (−30.5%) during the confinement period. Conversely, the social contact score through digital technologies significantly increased (p < 0.001) during the confinement period with more individuals (+24.8%) being socially connected through digital technology. Conclusion: These preliminary findings elucidate the risk of psychosocial strain during the early COVID-19 home confinement period in 2020. Therefore, in order to mitigate the negative psychosocial effects of home confinement, implementation of national strategies focused on promoting social inclusion through a technology-based solution is strongly suggested.
- ItemA new peace perception in development for sport(eMuseum of Sport, 2020) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseThe father of the Olympic Games in the Modern Times, Pierre de Coubertin, utilized a strategy in 1919, post-First World War to promote his ideas. He decided that the Games should be accessible to a global population from all walks of life; available for all and not open only for competition purposes. He vouched and supported for the democratization of sport for all in terms of physical practice.
- ItemComparative Analysis of the Awareness of the Cervical Cancer in the UAE Among Working Women, Female Players, and Household Ladies(Research Trend, 2020) Skibinska, Edyta; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Azeem, MuhammadA vital component of female health-promoting activities is education. The public awareness was given to households, working women, players, and students around the United Arab Emirates about cervical cancer. The campaigns were conducted to educate about the potential prognoses and the diagnosis of the disease, which is the cent percent curable. This study aims to understand the degree of awareness among women about cervical cancer in UAE, and what are the factors contribute to the seriousness of taking preventive measures among working woman, female players, students, and household ladies. Despite the extensive mass campaigns targeted at women, encouraging them to do ‘screening test’ as a preventive action, the global studies show a high mortality rate for women due to this disease. The data was collected through a survey designed for this research, to support triangulation in analysis from more than 1500 female respondents, in the age ranging between 18 and above. Semi-structured interviews were conducted from the selected respondents to further understand the nature of the case. The results of the analysis provided evidence that the general level of awareness exists among all groups of women, whereas the knowledge of risk factors and methods of preventing cervical cancer varies to some degree among the female population. The study guides us to the extent, government and institutional intervention are essentially required to increase the awareness level to the specific strata of the female population in UAE. The main challenges faced by researcher was the unavailability of enough research in the context of working women in UAE, and the cultural bottleneck which stop women to speak openly on this subject. These challenges were overcome by collecting primary data after meeting in person to the subjects. This was quite helpful in the hypothesizing the framework for future research.
- ItemPsychological consequences of COVID-19 home confinement: The ECLB-COVID19 multicenter study(NLM (Medline), 2020) Ammar, Achraf; Mueller, Patrick; Trabelsi, Khaled; Chtourou, Hamdi; Boukhris, Omar; Masmoudi, Liwa; Bouaziz, Bassem; Brach, Michael; Schmicker, Marlen; Bentlage, Ellen; How, Daniella; Ahmed, Mona; Aloui, Asma; Hammouda, Omar; Paineiras-Domingos, Laisa Liane; Braakman-jansen, Annemarie; Wrede, Christian; Bastoni, Sophia; Pernambuco, Carlos Soares; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Taheri, Morteza; Irandoust, Khadijeh; Khacharem, Aïmen; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Washif, Jad Adrian; Glenn, Jordan M.; Bott, Nicholas T.; Gargouri, Faiez; Chaari, Lotfi; Batatia, Hadj; khoshnami, Samira C.; Samara, Evangelia; Zisi, Vasiliki; Sankar, Parasanth; Ahmed, Waseem N.; Ali, Gamal Mohamed; Abdelkarim, Osama; Jarraya, Mohamed; El Abed, Kais; Romdhani, Mohamed; Souissi, Nizar; Gemert-Pijnen, Lisette Van; Bailey, Stephen J.; Moalla, Wassim; Gómez-Raja, Jonathan; Epstein, Monique; Sanderman, Robbert; Schulz, Sebastian; Jerg, Achim; Al-Horani, Ramzi; Mansi, Taysir; Jmail, Mohamed; Barbosa, Fernando; Ferreira-Santos, Fernando; Šimunič, Boštjan; Pišot, Rado; Gaggioli, Andrea; Zmijewski, Piotr; Steinacker, Jürgen M.; Strahler, Jana; Riemann, Laurel; Riemann, Bryan L.; Mueller, Notger; Chamari, Karim; Driss, Tarak; Hoekelmann, AnitaBACKGROUND: Public health recommendations and government measures during the COVID-19 pandemic have enforced restrictions on daily-living. While these measures are imperative to abate the spreading of COVID-19, the impact of these restrictions on mental health and emotional wellbeing is undefined. Therefore, an international online survey (ECLB-COVID19) was launched on April 6, 2020 in seven languages to elucidate the impact of COVID-19 restrictions on mental health and emotional wellbeing. METHODS: The ECLB-COVID19 electronic survey was designed by a steering group of multidisciplinary scientists, following a structured review of the literature. The survey was uploaded and shared on the Google online-survey-platform and was promoted by thirty-five research organizations from Europe, North-Africa, Western-Asia and the Americas. All participants were asked for their mental wellbeing (SWEMWS) and depressive symptoms (SMFQ) with regard to "during" and "before" home confinement. RESULTS: Analysis was conducted on the first 1047 replies (54% women) from Asia (36%), Africa (40%), Europe (21%) and other (3%). The COVID-19 home confinement had a negative effect on both mental-wellbeing and on mood and feelings. Specifically, a significant decrease (p < .001 and Δ% = 9.4%) in total score of the SWEMWS questionnaire was noted. More individuals (+12.89%) reported a low mental wellbeing "during" compared to "before" home confinement. Furthermore, results from the mood and feelings questionnaire showed a significant increase by 44.9% (p < .001) in SMFQ total score with more people (+10%) showing depressive symptoms "during" compared to "before" home confinement. CONCLUSION: The ECLB-COVID19 survey revealed an increased psychosocial strain triggered by the home confinement. To mitigate this high risk of mental disorders and to foster an Active and Healthy Confinement Lifestyle (AHCL), a crisis-oriented interdisciplinary intervention is urgently needed.
- ItemContent Strategy and Fan Engagement in Social Media The Case of PyeongChang Winter Olympic And Paralympic Games(Owjj Andishan Pasargad, 2020) Milla, Asli Cazorla; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Helú, Hussein MuñozBackground. This paper investigates the pillars of content strategy and fan engagement in social networks during 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics and Paralympics. Objectives. The purpose of this paper is to seek reasons behind the differences in fan engagement in social media channels of PyeongChang Winter Olympics and Paralympics. Methods. Facebook and YouTube channels are used to analyze engagement and growth. Subsequent effects of fans engagement with different social media content have also been analyzed in the study. Data were collected using the Social Bakers Suite platform for the period of fifteen days of the Winter Paralympics. For the purpose of analysis 3 platforms have been used for 25 different analysis. From 25, the most significant analysis was presented in the findings. Content and sentiment analysis is used as a main research methodology. Results. The findings of this paper showed that the fans are more engaged with the contents of the Paralympic channel even though the number of followers were almost as half as the Olympics channel. The contents that were generated through marketers/organizer did not perform as well as user/fan generated content. Conclusion. This study will add to the body of academic practitioner research on social media content creation and will provide an opening for marketers to leverage social media networks for marketing communications. This cross-channel study of the Olympics and Paralympic channels found positive effects on content consumption and in the promotion of fan engagement. © 2020
- ItemMotivation to participate in physical activity and sports: Age transition and gender differences among India’s adolescents(Cogent OA, 2020-01) Ahmed, Md. Dilsad; Ho, Walter King Yan; Al-Haramlah, Ahmed; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseIndia’s increasing sedentary behavior among children and youth is becoming a national concern. Hence, developing an environment supportive of physical activity and sports would be a major means to increase the participation levels for adolescents. This study aims to examine differences in motivation to participate in physical activities and sports among students of three age categories, namely, early adolescence, middle adolescence and late adolescence. The result of factor analysis yielded a 19-item, four-factor structure on the participation motivation questionnaire (PMQ). Significant differences were found for all three age categories on the two extracted factors of sport action with friends and social status. Further, a significant difference has been identified between sex’s students on the factor of health and fitness and social status. The study provides sound psychometric and comparative results that can potentially be useful for education and formative reviews in applied settings, for research purposes and as a measurement tool for embedding motivation towards participation in physical activities (PA) and sports among adolescents. © 2020 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.
- ItemTackling Big Data and Black Swans through Fractal Approach and Quantum Technology(Association for Computing Machinery, 2020-05-15) Faccia, Alessio; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Guimaraes-Mataruna, Andressa FontesSince the dawn of time, man has always tried to predict the future. Inserted in an environmental context, the knowledge of the variables that influenced his life allowed him to reap daily benefits and ultimately ensured his survival. Weather forecasts, bets on sports results, financial analysis, estimation of life span probabilities, to name just a few examples, are based on increasingly accurate estimates thanks to increasingly efficient statistical techniques and detection tools. Risk and uncertainty, however, although increasingly limited, represent an essential variable of any future event. The possibility of measuring and preventing (even if close to their occurrence) unlikely, but potentially catastrophic events, can determine extraordinary competitive advantages or even just guarantee the survival of a business or human existence. Unlikely events, but catastrophic, are the so-called "black swans", and represent the nightmare of those who rely on the Gaussian approach, since, even if they fall into the tails of the bell, they represent a non-negligible threat. Studies on the black swan, especially after the events linked to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, have brought to light the so-called fractal approach that comes closest to the occurrence of most natural events. The analysis of big data, focused on the identification of the black swan, can follow different paths, in any case, the "normal"Gauss curve, as demonstrated, does not lend itself to this type of analysis, therefore most of the statistical tools which are based on this are not suitable for these analyses. This research highlights and tries to demonstrate how the fractal approach, combined with quantum technology, could really represent a great advance in the reliability of future predictions and the detection of black swans. © 2020 ACM.
- ItemBig Data Analyses and New Technology Applications in Sport Management, an Overview(Association for Computing Machinery, 2020-05-15) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Faccia, Alessio; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Khan, Mohammed SayeedTechnology has profoundly changed our lives, especially in the past two decades. The introduction of the internet and PCs, first of all, cell phones and later smartphones, has changed our daily habits, leading us to be always connected for many hours of the day. Changes that have affected all fields, not least sporting activity, always focused on performance maximization. Technology in sport has made great strides, allowing both amateurs and even more professionals to use innovative technical solutions that can improve performance: first of all during training and then, consequently, in official competitions. Innovations both in the field of materials, but above all in terms of tools for verifying correct training through the collection of a large number of data, turned into carefully analysed useful information. There are sports that have benefited most from these new technologies, based on their particular characteristics. This research focused on a systematic analysis of the most important technologies that are currently allowing great progress in sports performance and in the impartiality of competitions through the analysis of the collected data. In particular, the research highlighted three particular areas of interest: A) video assistant data collectors; b) Wearable technologies; c) Scouting tech-based techniques. © 2020 ACM.
- ItemThe UEFA Champions League and the "new normal" panorama(Animus Nutus S.r.l., 2020-08-24) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Khan, Mohammed SayeedThe COVID-19 pandemic has ravaged the soccer industry. In the wake of the novel coronavirus, professional football leagues were suspended indefinitely. Football clubs were left to ponder over the calculation of their final league table position and the associated finances. The UEFA Champions League knockout phase involves European football teams travelling around the continent to play each other on a home and away basis (two legs) for the coveted trophy. The travel restrictions put in place by the destination countries to curb the spread of COVID-19 led to UEFA converting the tournament into a single leg knockout format to be played at a neutral venue (Portugal). A bio-secure bubble was created in Lisbon to accommodate the players and following contingent. Regulations were approved after consultation with the competent authorities, keeping in mind the safety of all the involved stakeholders. One of the regulations denied entry to fans inside the stadium to mitigate the risk of the spread of the virus. The protocol also recommended players to refrain from the post-match ritual of swapping jerseys. Restrictions imposed by the authorities led to development of new channels of sponsorship activations; digital engagement with the fans through the use of social media. A single host venue has boosted the efforts of the authorities to reduce the carbon footprint of the tournament. Climate change activists have long viewed the extensive air travel undertaken by the teams as an accelerator to global warming. This season of UEFA Champions League provides a glimpse into the future of soccer post-pandemic. It presents new avenues for the soccer industry to adapt to the changing times. This paper shows that a new economic model role started to be developed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the football world. The challenge now drives to understand, how the costumer engagement or costumer relations will be stablished in the “new normal” of the sport scenario in the Europe and globally.
- ItemElectronic Money Laundering, The Dark Side of Fintech: An Overview of the Most Recent Cases(Association for Computing Machinery, 2020-09-16) Faccia, Alessio; Moçteanu, Narcisa Roxana; Cavaliere, Luigi Pio Leonardo; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseFintech has significantly expanded the offer of financial services available to users, facilitating the spread of new financing, payment and exchange services in increasingly large sections of the population. However, there is a downside, represented by the lack of organic regulation that defines the perimeter of legality. World legislators, Europeans in particular, have started building a structured legal framework and to prevent (or to catch) opportunistic or criminal behaviors. Among the unavoidable challenges for the anti-money laundering system are those related to the development of FinTech which produces significant volumes of transactions. In this paper it is provided a systematic review of a) the most common money laundering patterns; b) the European anti-money laundering legal framework, and c) the most recent and relevant fraud cases detected by the enforcements agencies. The main objective of this research is to verify whether the behavior of economic players within the FinTech sector can be contained within the limits of legality. Another objective, far from secondary, is to analyze the current patterns that lead to money laundering, also verifying whether there are tools, within the FinTech itself, capable of exploiting technologies and identifying dark or illegal practices. The recent case study of scandals within the FinTech industry further helps to support the hypotheses and conclusions of the research itself. © 2020 ACM.
- ItemMeasuring and Monitoring Sustainability in Listed European Football Clubs: A Value-Added Reporting Perspective(MDPI AG, 2020-12-01) Faccia, Alessio; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Helù, Hussein Munoz; Range, DanielAll sports have their roots and connection in some way to the Olympic spirit, and therefore fall within the vision and mission of the Olympic Committee, which has a central aim of “building a better world”. This is a fundamental value of the Olympics and sustainability is a “working principle” of this. This research analyses the performance of professional European football teams that are publicly listed on stock markets, analysing their income statements and factoring in how the value-added perspective is impacting professional sport. The methodology we use considers the sustainable contribution of the distribution of added value. The Value-Added Statement is considered as a part of broader Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), which can be traced back as a concept to the late 1970s. It is still in widespread use and is regarded as being both a credible and a tested measure. In this paper, the authors apply a slightly modified and simplified version of this value-added approach to all publicly listed European football clubs and use these as a proxy for wider professional sport. This research demonstrates that, although most professional sports clubs are profit-oriented, the distribution of wealth generated by the added value is unbalanced. In most cases, at least in financial terms, the data shows shareholders are the most disadvantaged, whereas athletes are the most rewarded. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- ItemAn Overview of New Opportunities for Training Sport and Physical Education Courses in the Corona Pandemic(Animus Nutus S.r.l., 2021) Ghasemi, Hamid; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseWith the start of the Corona Pandemic in 2020, a growing trend for Virtual training and e-learning began. The new communication technologies create many opportunities for effective learning in physical education. Physical education instructors and students should have suitable knowledge of "computers and information" literacy. Some of the most important competencies related to these two types of literacy include “ability to search effectively for information”, “installing the necessary software on mobile and personal computer”, “ability to work with educational software and familiarity with the various settings required to participate in the class”. The learning management system or LMS is a software infrastructure in the web environment. The LMS software is responsible for supporting educational processes with different capacities such as “managing and facilitating the distribution of electronic content”, “creating teacher-student interaction online and offline”, “selecting units, assigning classes and introducing professors”, “recording and saving user information and activities performed”, and “providing access to past classes”. Users have access to various educational resources, libraries and useful links in e-learning. Virtual classroom is a module that can be added to LMS system because most of the activities of a face- to -face classroom can be done in it. Practical courses require real-world learning; but some training methods based on new communication technologies such as “MOOCs, Gamification, Virtual Reality, Virtual Lab, and Augmented Reality” are considered to find effective training methods in practical courses. MOOC is a course that is available online through the Internet and its aim is to provide unlimited participation conditions so that anyone can register without the usual formal registration process and at no cost. It is abbreviation of “Massive”, “Open”, “Online”, and “Courses”. Gamification uses the game mechanics for a learning course and to improve the learner’s motivation. Virtual reality deals with the assumption of creating a virtual world - real or imagined - and allows users not only see it but also interact with it. There seems to be good opportunities in the VR environment for use in practical physical education courses. A virtual lab is a computer-based activity in which students communicate with experimental devices via a computer. Augmented Reality is an advanced version of the real world which is obtained through digital visual elements, sound or other sensory stimuli resulting from technology. Due to the importance of practical classes in physical education, attention to the potential of new communication technologies such as “Gamification, Virtual Reality, Virtual Lab and Augmented Reality” has received the most attention from experts.
- ItemDigitalization of Olympism and peace from the Portuguese language Olympic committees’ perspective = Digitalização do Olimpismo e paz na perspectiva dos comitês olímpicos de língua Portuguesa(Olympism and Peace = Olimpismo e Paz, 2021) Guimarães-Mataruna, Andressa Fontes; Milla, Asli Cazorla; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseThis present chapter presents an investigative study about the promotion of Olympism and peace ideals. The publications on the Portuguese Language Olympic Committees’ profiles on Instagram were observed from January 1, 2019 to July 1, 2020. The study considered the social, economical, and peace indexes as promoted by the United Nations and the Olympism ideals as described in the Olympic Chart to refer to discussions related to the content published on that social medium. It concludes that the Olympic Committees from the Portuguese Language countries should raise the number of publications and deepen the discussions to encourage the promotion of peace using sports and Olympism as a means for social intervention and Olympic Education.
- ItemAdvertising literacy measurement scale from students' perspective(preprints.org, 2021) Rasekh, Nazanin; Ghasemi, Hamid; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; ABdolmaleki, Hossein; Soheili, BehzadAlthough advertising literacy leads to critical thinking in the face of advertising, but so far, no action has been taken in Iran regarding a tool to measure this type of literacy. And after the investigations, it was determined that although much research has been done on advertising, but the lack of appropriate measurement tools to measure the level of advertising literacy is clearly evident. Therefore, this research provides a valid tool for measuring advertising literacy from students' perspective. In this study, referring to the dimensions of advertising literacy from the perspective of Malmelin (2010) and the views of related professors, a questionnaire was developed and to determine the validity of the structure, confirmatory factor analysis was used. In this study, the statistical population was high school students, considering the impact of advertising in this age range; finally, a tool with four dimensions of informational literacy, aesthetic literacy, rhetorical literacy and promotional literacy was obtained. According to the confirmation of this tool in the present study, it can be used to examine the status of items, their order and prioritization from the perspective of the mentioned population.
- ItemWould the athletes be in peace in the planet of masks? = Estariam os atletas em paz no planeta das máscaras?(Academia Olimpica de Portugal, 2021) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Marcon, Giovani; Range, Daniel; Ghasemi, Hamid; dos Santos, Joao Marcus Perelli; Khan, Mohammed Sayeed; Azeem, Mohammad; Faccia, Alessio; da Costa, Fabiano Swinerd Gomes; Petersen-Wagner, RenanThis present chapter debates the dilemma about a planet living a dichotomy about using or not masks to get protected from COVID-19 contamination during the pandemic. The discussion presents the adaptation of an appropriate model of behaviour change to foster a model of peace promotion in sports.
- ItemThe military paralympic sport in brazil: a search for peace = O desporto paralímpico militar no brasil: uma busca pela paz(Academia Olimpica de Portugal, 2021) Haiachi, Marcelo de Castro; de Ávila, Erik Bueno; de Oliveira, Ailton Fernando Santana; Nóbrega, Luiz Fernando Medeiros; de Souza, Osvaldo Raimundo Pinheiro; da Silva, Vinicius Jose Costa Linhares; Rezende, Marcelo Vinicius Costa; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Al Blooshi, Mohammed; Neto, Silvestre Cirilo dos Santos; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseThe rise in the number of disabled soldiers who were wounded in action motivated several military forces to develop rehabilitation and social reintegration programs through sports. The United States of America was the pioneer in creating programs such as Wounded Warriors in 2003 and the Paralympic Military Program in 2008. Canada, Great Britain, and Australia followed their path with the programs Soldier On, Battle Back, and Australian Defence Force Paralympic Sport Program (BRITAIN, 2012). Despite the fact it is not directly involved in any international armed conflict, the Brazilian Ministry of Defence moved forward in this same direction, editing the normative regulation n. 956, which started Projeto João do Pulo (BRASIL, 2015) to value and integrate through sports soldiers who were left disabled throughout their career. The presence of the Armed Forces in the Brazilian paralympic movement is not a novelty given that military athletes of auxiliary forces from several states in the country already participated in international and national competitions representing the nation on other occasions. This present article alerts to the need for valuing disabled soldiers who find in sports the peace necessary to move on with their lives.
- ItemThe role of information and communication technologies in the development of physical education teaching and learning methods for students and challenges emerging during coronavirus pandemic(Indian Federation of Computer Science in Sports, 2021) Ghayebzadeh, Shahrouz; Zardoshtian, Shirin; Konukman, Ferman; da Silva, Carlos Alberto Figueiredo; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Kumar, RajeshCoronavirus outbreak has caused widespread changes in lifestyle and various fields and education field are no exception to this rule. Meanwhile, need for specialist in ministry of education in these corona days and the procedure of structural changes in education at higher levels have held force the necessity of implementing technology in education more than before and it has initiated. And in this regard pursued “stay home and doing physical activity” and “teach exercise at home in social media” launched for students. Disconnection between educational elements, disappearance of the affective humanistic atmosphere of learning is one of the facing challenges of changing common and traditional methods of education to education through technology with an innovative scientific approach which has created a major scientific gap among physical education teachers and students. This article majorly proposes various tools and methods to improve current physical education system through information and communication technology and facing challenges of changing common and traditional methods to technological education and eventually it presents suggestions to benefit multimedia technology with the aim of decrease in educational quality downfall and maintaining the least required balance between educational elements.
- ItemSleep Quality and Physical Activity as Predictors of Mental Wellbeing Variance in Older Adults during COVID-19 Lockdown: ECLB COVID-19 International Online Survey(MDPI AG, 2021) Trabelsi, Khaled; Ammar, Achraf; Masmoudi, Liwa; Boukhris, Omar; Chtourou, Hamdi; Bouaziz, Bassem; Brach, Michael; Bentlage, Ellen; How, Daniella; Ahmed, Mona; Mueller, Patrick; Mueller, Notger; Hsouna, Hsen; Elghoul, Yousri; Romdhani, Mohamed; Hammouda, Omar; Paineiras-Domingos, Laisa Liane; Braakman-Jansen, Annemarie; Wrede, Christian; Bastoni, Sofia; Pernambuco, Carlos Soares; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Taheri, Morteza; Irandoust, Khadijeh; Bragazzi, Nicola L.; Strahler, Jana; Washif, Jad Adrian; Andreeva, Albina; Bailey, Stephen J.; Acton, Jarred; Mitchell, Emma; Bott, Nicholas T.; Gargouri, Faiez; Chaari, Lotfi; Batatia, Hadj; Khoshnami, Samira C.; Samara, Evangelia; Zisi, Vasiliki; Sankar, Parasanth; Ahmed, Waseem N.; Ali, Gamal Mohamed; Abdelkarim, Osama; Jarraya, Mohamed; El Abed, Kais; Moalla, Wassim; Souissi, Nafaa; Aloui, Asma; Souissi, Nizar; Gemert-Pijnen, Lisette Van; Riemann, Bryan L.; Riemann, Laurel; Delhey, Jan; Gómez-Raja, Jonathan; Epstein, Monique; Sanderman, Robbert; Schulz, Sebastian; Jerg, Achim; Al-Horani, Ramzi; Mansi, Taysir; Dergaa, Ismail; Jmail, Mohamed; Barbosa, Fernando; Ferreira-Santos, Fernando; Šimunič, Boštjan; Pišot, Rado; Pišot, Saša; Gaggioli, Andrea; Steinacker, Jürgen; Zmijewski, Piotr; Apfelbacher, Christian; Glenn, Jordan M.; Khacharem, Aïmen; Clark, Cain C.T.; Saad, Helmi Ben; Chamari, Karim; Driss, Tarak; Hoekelmann, Anita; ECLB-COVID19 ConsortiumBackground. The COVID-19 lockdown could engender disruption to lifestyle behaviors, thus impairing mental wellbeing in the general population. This study investigated whether socio-demographic variables, changes in physical activity, and sleep quality from pre-to during lockdown were predictors of change in mental wellbeing in quarantined older adults. Methods. A 12-week international online survey was launched in 14 languages on 6 April 2020. Forty-one research insti-tutions from Europe, Western-Asia, North-Africa, and the Americas, promoted the survey. The survey was presented in a differential format with questions related to responses “pre” and “during” the lockdown period. Participants responded to the Short Warwick–Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire, and the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results. Replies from older adults (aged >55 years, n = 517), mainly from Europe (50.1%), Western-Asia (6.8%), America (30%), and North-Africa (9.3%) were analyzed. The COVID-19 lockdown led to significantly decreased mental wellbeing, sleep quality, and total physical activity energy expenditure levels (all p < 0.001). Regression analysis showed that the change in total PSQI score and total physical activity energy expenditure (F(2, 514) = 66.41 p < 0.001) were significant predictors of the decrease in mental wellbeing from pre-to during lockdown (p < 0.001, R2: 0.20). Conclusion. COVID-19 lockdown deleteriously affected physical activity and sleep patterns. Furthermore, change in the total PSQI score and total physical activity energy expenditure were significant predictors for the decrease in mental wellbeing. © 2021 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- ItemSuccess or failure : social media campaign analysis of wethe15 movement at Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games(Gama Assessoria Empresarial, 2021) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Guimaraes-Mataruna, Andressa; Milla, Asli Cazorla; Noaman, Samar Billi; Fontinele, Geane; Wanick, VanissaWethe15 is a global campaign launched at the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games to improve the diversity and inclusion of 15% of the World’s population who have a disability. The WHO estimates that 1.2 billion people are living with some form of disability (15%), and 2-4% are experiencing severe difficulties in functioning (WHO, 2011). Focusing on increase disability visibility, inclusion, and accessibility, the campaign aims to involve the “international organizations from the world of sport, human rights, policy, communications, business, arts and entertainment” to end discrimination (WETHE15 Website, 2021). Inclusivity is not only about acknowledging the diversity, but also acting as one cohesive society. In order to raise awareness, campaigns like Wethe15 need social media more than ever. Diversity is conceptualized as representing a multitude of individual differences and similarities that exist among people (Wellner, 2000). Disability constitutes a minority group, but with heterogeneous aspects that make up a complex discussion. There are 81 huge differences inside this group, that may affect individuals in the sense of mobility, visually impairment, intellectual disability, hearing impairment, and other categories. In this regard, information is one key element to make society aware of disabilities forms and levels and could help to extinguish prejudice and public misconceptions. News about Wethe15 was published in different media channels, however, the official sources of the campaign are the website and two social media networks: Instagram and Twitter @WeThe15. Precisely since the 2008 Beijing Olympics and Paralympics, social media emerged as a phenomenon as an alternative media for marketing and advertising (Liu, 2016). The present research aims to evaluate the content published on the website and social media of the campaign, using a qualitative content analysis approach to examine: how the campaign Wethe15 was framed and publicised during the Paralympic Games between 21st August and 27th August 2021. We aim to analyze the content on multiple platforms on a timely basis and provide scientific insights on how to reach engagement for this movement in the upcoming years. (C) Gama Assessoria Empresarial, 2021.
- ItemAn Analysis Safe Protocols Employed in Professional Male Soccer and the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the 2020 Brazilian Championship(MDPI, 2021) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Albuquerque, Pedro da Gama Roberto de; Vasconcellos, Gabriel de Almeida; Nascimento, Rodrigo Mendonça do; Cavalari, Nadine Tonelli; Range, Daniel; Guimarães-Mataruna, Andressa Fontes; Ortiz-Silva, BiancaThe COVID-19 pandemic directly reached and impacted upon elite sports and caused the postponement of sporting events globally. In order to enable the return of activities, protocols were created with recommendations to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. The objective of this work is to analyze and compare the safe return protocols of major football leagues and associations to those of the Brazilian Championship, as well as to survey the numbers of COVID-19 outbreaks in clubs that competed in the 2020 Brazilian Championship Series A. The documentary research was carried out through the analysis of articles published on open-source football league and federation websites. National and international return protocols were verified, as well as the documenting of isolated cases and outbreaks of COVID-19 in the Brazilian Championship. In the Brazilian Championship, the return to play occurred at a time when COVID-19 case numbers were rising, a fact that, together with the decentralization of the match cities, was likely linked to the number of positive cases. A total of 302 positive cases of COVID-19 were identified in 14 outbreaks during the competition. Therefore, this work identifies good practice and underscores the need to reassess and refine the protocols to minimize the impacts of COVID-19 going forward. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- 1 (current)