ItemSustainable Sport Tourism for Better Future: The Emerging Case of the United Arab Emirates(2022-01-01) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Milla, Asli Cazorla; Abohassan, Dina Ahmed Mohamed Mourad; Khan, Mohammed Sayeed ItemEffects of home confinement on physical activity, nutrition, and sleep quality during the COVID-19 outbreak in amateur and elite athletes(Frontiers Media S.A., 2023) Taheri, Morteza; Irandoust, Kadijeh; Reynoso-Sánchez, Luis Felipe; Muñoz-Helú, Hussein; Cruz-Morales, Karla Noelia; Torres-Ramírez, Raymundo; Mirmoezzi, Masoud; Youzbashi, Leila; Mirakhori, Fatemeh; Dergaa, Ismail; Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Zazueta-Beltrán, Diana Korinna; Zouhal, Hassane; Morales-Beltrán, Roxana Abril; Soylu, Yusuf; Molgado-Sifuentes, Amairani; González-Hernández, Juan; Hernández-Cruz, Germán; Castro, Luis Bernardo Bojorquez; Kurt, Cem; Trabelsi, Khaled; Chtourou, Hamdi; Seghatoleslami, Ali; López-Camacho, Manuel Octavio; Mendoza-Baldenebro, Ramón Ernesto; Torabi, Farnaz; Saad, Helmi Ben; Washif, Jad Adrian; Strahler, Jana; Guimarães-Mataruna, Andressa Fontes; Lebaron, Tyler W.; Ezdini, Ebrahim Shaabani; Rezaei, Marjan Sadat; Moshtagh, Mozhgan; Yagin, Fatma Hilal; Gülü, Mehmet; Esmaeili, Atefeh; Müller, Patrick; Ammar, Achraf; Scoditti, Egeria; Garbarino, Sergio; Puce, Luca; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Nobari, Hadi ItemThe relationship between sports teacher – coach role conflict and self-efficacy with the mediating role of sports goal orientation(Jan Długosz University in Częstochowa, 2023) Ghayebzadeh, Shahrouz; Konukman, Ferman; Vodičar, Janez; Rezazadeh, Hojjat; Eslami, Saeed; Silva, Carlos Alberto Figueiredo Da; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, LeonardoTeaching and coaching are two different occupational roles and the responsibilities of teachers and sports coaches can be distinguished from each other. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the role of teacher-coach in sports and self-efficacy with the mediating role of sports goal orientation. This study used descriptive-correlational research. The appropriateness of the measurement model was tested by confirmatory factor analysis. Research data were obtained from 36 physical education teachers through a questionnaire. For data analysis, statistical methods of correlation test and bivariate regression using SPSS-22 and AMOS software were used. The conflict between the roles of sports teacher-coach with the presence of the mediating variable of sports goal orientation indicated a positive and significant effect on self-efficacy. Sports goal orientation also had a positive and direct effect on self-efficacy. The results of the present study displayed a comprehensive view. Accordingly, physical education teachers who have an intermediate role (teacher-centered and coach-centered) showed high self-efficacy and sports goal-orientation. The findings of this study offered valuable information to improve the quality of learning and teaching for sport coaches and physical education teachers. ItemStimulus–Response Compatibility During Fighting Task Simulation: Influences of the Opponent’s Spatial Codes on the Accuracy and Response Time(Human Kinetics Publishers Inc., 2023) de Moura, Andreza Abreus; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Conde, Erick Francisco QuintasManual Reaction Time measures have been widely used to study interactions between perceptual, cognitive, and motor functions. The Stimulus-Response Compatibility is a phenomenon characterized through faster Manual Reaction Times when stimuli and response locations coincide (correspondent condition) than when they are on different sides (noncorrespondent condition). The present study adapted a protocol to study if the Stimulus-Response Compatibility effect can be detected during a virtual combat simulation. Twenty-seven participants were instructed to defend themselves by clicking a key in order to block the presented punch. Videos of two fighters were used, granting two types of basic strokes: the back fist, a punch performed with the dorsal part of the fighter's hand, starting at the opposite side to which it is directed; and the hook punch, performed with a clenched fist starting and finishing ipsilaterally. The Manual Reaction Times were different between the correspondent and noncorrespondent conditions, F(1, 26) = 9.925; p < .004; η2 = .276, with an Stimulus-Response Compatibility effect of 72 ms. Errors were also different, F(1, 26) = 23.199; p < .001; η2 = .472, between the correspondent (13%) and the noncorrespondent conditions (23%). The study concluded that spatial codes presented at the beginning of the punch movement perception substantially influenced the response execution. © 2023 Human Kinetics, Inc. ItemResilience, sport and social projects(Equalitas, 2023) Monteiro, Luciana B. V. de Resende Hersen; Osborne, Renata; Araújo, Carla Isabel Paula da Rocha; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Silva, Carlos Alberto Figueiredo daThis study investigates the contributions of sports social projects (SSP), the student's body image development, and resilience through sport. This work is a narrative review of the literature. Resilience is also a new topic that needs further study. The issue of resilience in SSP is even lower, with a large gap. The findings show that SSP provides benefits thanks to regular sports practice and collaboration in forming students. However, there is also a “shadow side of the sport”, showing that many SSPs are palliative, as they have shallow and unclear goals. For a better analysis of the contribution of SSP and the development of resilience, more studies related to these themes are needed because the material found is still tiny. Even so, this article presents the most used concepts related to these themes, trying to contribute to a more significant discussion. Many youths assisted by the SSP are socially vulnerable subjects who suffer traumas daily linked to their social and cultural conditions. However, they can escape the immobilization caused by these traumas and overcome these adversities by re-signifying their image body. Hence, there is a need for a reaction potential, a process known as resilience. Thus, SSP can be essential in promoting their students' resilience, as they are a foundation for overcoming adversities. ItemAtuação de profissionais do exercício nas práticas integrativas e complementares em oncologia: uma análise da gestão dos serviços(Equalitas, 2022) Silva, Vinícius José Costa Linhares da; Mataruna dos Santos, Leonardo Jose ItemUma visão através da pesquisa qualitativa: quais foram os principais métodos de detecção de talentos esportivos nos Emirados Árabes?(Equalitas, 2022) Arteche, João Marcelo Xavier; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose ItemPercepção de Competência na Avaliação de Desempenho da Liderança na Gestão Esportiva(Equalitas, 2022) Santos, Felipe Silva dos; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Silva, Carlos Alberto Figueiredo da ItemTraining practices of Filipino athletes during the early COVID-19 lockdown(University of Zagreb - Faculty of Kinesiology, 2022) Pagaduan, Jeffrey Cayaban; Washif, Jad Adrian; Krug, Isabel; Ammar, Achraf; Saad, Helmi Ben; James, Carl; Cortis, Cristina; Trabelsi, Khaled; Haddad, Monoem; Bok, Daniel; Hassanmirzaei, Bahar; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Pérez-Gómez, Jorge; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Chen, Yung-Sheng; Gastin, Paul; Chamari, KarimThe imposition of COVID-19 lockdown restricted the daily activities of many people, including athletes. This study investigated the training practices of athletes in the Philippines during the early COVID-19 lockdown. A total of 442 athletes answered an online survey (May-July 2020), with questions pertaining to training practices, such as training frequency and duration. Data were analyzed according to: athlete classification (world-class, international, national, state, or recreational), sport category (individual or team), and sex (male or female). During lockdown, significant reductions in training frequency (except recreational, i.e., lower pre-lockdown training) and duration were observed for all athletic classifications. Similarly, training frequency and duration decreased significantly irrespective of sport category and sex. World class athletes appeared to be less affected by lockdown (types of exercise and specific training) as compared to lower-classification athletes. Athletes grouped in accordance with sex and sport category demonstrated little to no difference in training practices during the COVID-19 lockdown. The findings of the current study highlight the challenges experienced by athletes during lockdown, which may aid policy makers in the development of guidelines related to lockdown or lockdown-like situations to establish appropriate support for affected athletes. © 2022, University of Zagreb - Faculty of Kinesiology. All rights reserved. ItemCOVID-19 Lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes' Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices(Human Kinetics Publishers Inc., 2022-08) Washif, Jad Adrian; Sandbakk, Øyvind; Seiler, Stephen; Haugen, Thomas; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Quarrie, Ken; Janse van Rensburg, Dina C.; Krug, Isabel; Verhagen, Evert; Wong, Del P.; Mujika, Iñigo; Cortis, Cristina; Haddad, Monoem; Ahmadian, Omid; Jufaili, Mahmood Al; Al-Horani, Ramzi A.; Al-Mohannadi, Abdulla Saeed; Aloui, Asma; Ammar, Achraf; Arifi, Fitim; Aziz, Abdul Rashid; Batuev, Mikhail; Beaven, Christopher Martyn; Beneke, Ralph; Bici, Arben; Bishnoi, Pallawi; Bogwasi, Lone; Bok, Daniel; Boukhris, Omar; Boullosa, Daniel; Bragazzi, Nicola; Brito, Joao; Cartagena, Roxana Paola Palacios; Chaouachi, Anis; Cheung, Stephen S.; Chtourou, Hamdi; Cosma, Germina; Debevec, Tadej; DeLang, Matthew D.; Dellal, Alexandre; Dönmez, Gürhan; Driss, Tarak; Duque, Juan David Peña; Eirale, Cristiano; Elloumi, Mohamed; Foster, Carl; Franchini, Emerson; Fusco, Andrea; Galy, Olivier; Gastin, Paul B.; Gill, Nicholas; Girard, Olivier; Gregov, Cvita; Halson, Shona; Hammouda, Omar; Hanzlíková, Ivana; Hassanmirzaei, Bahar; Hébert-Losier, Kim; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Herrera-Valenzuela, Tomás; Hettinga, Florentina J.; Holtzhausen, Louis; Hue, Olivier; Dello Iacono, Antonio; Ihalainen, Johanna K.; James, Carl; Joseph, Saju; Kamoun, Karim; Khaled, Mehdi; Khalladi, Karim; Kim, Kwang Joon; Kok, Lian-Yee; MacMillan, Lewis; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Matsunaga, Ryo; Memishi, Shpresa; Millet, Grégoire P.; Moussa-Chamari, Imen; Musa, Danladi Ibrahim; Nguyen, Hoang Minh Thuan; Nikolaidis, Pantelis T.; Owen, Adam; Padulo, Johnny; Pagaduan, Jeffrey Cabayan; Perera, Nirmala Panagodage; Pillay, Lervasen; Popa, Arporn; Pudasaini, Avishkar; Rabbani, Alizera; Rahayu, Tandiyo; Romdhani, Mohamed; Pérez-Gómez, Jorge; Salamh, Paul; Sarkar, Abu-Sufian; Schillinger, Andy; Setyawati, Heny; Shrestha, Navina; Tabben, Montassar; Trabelsi, Khaled; Urhausen, Axel; Suraya, Fatona; Valtonen, Maarit; Weber, Johanna; Whiteley, Rodney; Zrane, Adel; Zerguini, Yacine; Zmijewski, Piotr; Saad, Helmi Ben; Pyne, David B.; Taylor, Lee; Chamari, KarimPurpose: To investigate differences in athletes' knowledge, beliefs, and training practices during COVID-19 lockdowns with reference to sport classification and sex. This work extends an initial descriptive evaluation focusing on athlete classification. Methods: Athletes (12,526; 66% male; 142 countries) completed an online survey (May-July 2020) assessing knowledge, beliefs, and practices toward training. Sports were classified as team sports (45%), endurance (20%), power/technical (10%), combat (9%), aquatic (6%), recreational (4%), racquet (3%), precision (2%), parasports (1%), and others (1%). Further analysis by sex was performed. Results: During lockdown, athletes practiced body-weight-based exercises routinely (67% females and 64% males), ranging from 50% (precision) to 78% (parasports). More sport-specific technical skills were performed in combat, parasports, and precision (∼50%) than other sports (∼35%). Most athletes (range: 50% [parasports] to 75% [endurance]) performed cardiorespiratory training (trivial sex differences). Compared to prelockdown, perceived training intensity was reduced by 29% to 41%, depending on sport (largest decline: ∼38% in team sports, unaffected by sex). Some athletes (range: 7%-49%) maintained their training intensity for strength, endurance, speed, plyometric, change-of-direction, and technical training. Athletes who previously trained ≥5 sessions per week reduced their volume (range: 18%-28%) during lockdown. The proportion of athletes (81%) training ≥60 min/session reduced by 31% to 43% during lockdown. Males and females had comparable moderate levels of training knowledge (56% vs 58%) and beliefs/attitudes (54% vs 56%). Conclusions: Changes in athletes' training practices were sport-specific, with few or no sex differences. Team-based sports were generally more susceptible to changes than individual sports. Policy makers should provide athletes with specific training arrangements and educational resources to facilitate remote and/or home-based training during lockdown-type events. © 2022 Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.. All rights reserved. ItemFactores que influyen sobre las actitudes hacia la participación de la mujer en el deporte = Factors influencing attitudes towards women's participation in sport(Universidad de A Coruña, 2022-09-01) Cruz-Morales, Karla Noelia; Muñoz-Helú, Hussein; Rios Mena Gaxiola, Javier Arturo ; Guimarães-Mataruna, Andressa Fontes; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Reynoso-Sánchez, Luis FelipeSport through the influence of educational institutions improve the promotion of gender equity. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of gender, area of academic formation and sports practice over the attitudes towards women's participation in sports by the student community of the Universidad Autónoma de Occidente (UAdeO). A cross-sectional study with correlational-explanatory scope was realized with 3,716 (71.3% women and 28.7% men) UAdeO students. The scale about the perception of attitudes towards women's participation in sports (AWPS) was applied. Comparisons were made according to gender, type of sport practice and area of study and regression coefficients were calculated between the sociodemographic variables and the AWPS using the method of introducing variables. The results show that the gender, sports practice, and area of study variables were significant predictors of three scales of the AWPS. Likewise, differences were observed in the AWPS factors as a function of sociodemographic variables. It is possible to conclude that the attitudes towards women's participation in sport of the participants are influenced by the variables gender, sport practice and area of studies. Copyright (c) 2022 Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity ItemAvaliação dos riscos de transmissão do SARS-CoV-2 durante o treinamento de um clube de futebol no Brasil = Evaluation of the risks associated with the transmission of SARS-Cov-2 during a professional football club's training in Brazil(School of Physical Education and Sport of the University of São Paulo (EEFEUSP), 2022-08-30) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Silva, Gabriel Nascimento; Nascimento, Rodrigo Mendonça do; Oliveira, Eduardo Thomaz de; Costa, Angela Marta Souza da; Cavalari, Nadine Tonelli; Ortiz-Silva, BiancaCOVID-19 is an infectious disease with respiratory transmission caused by the new coronavirus. Due to the high viral transmissibility, sports activities were severely impacted all over the world and in Brazil football was paralyzed for about four months. The objective of this study was to identify the activities with the highest risk of Covid-19 transmission in a professional soccer club in Rio de Janeiro based on a cross-sectional study with a semi-quantitative emphasis. The results showed that physical training showed a greater number of touches (105) with a high prevalence of hand on the ball (94%). The antibody search found that 24,2% tested positive for IgG during the study. During the training phase, no cases of SARS-CoV-2 transmission between players and staff were identified. It is believed that biosafety measures and the individual and collective commitment of everyone to social isolation and hygiene measures are an important strategy for the viability of sports activities. Copyright (c) 2022 Brazilian journal of physical education and sport ItemReview on social sports projects in Brazil: Review update, qualitative methanalysis and research gap perception(Federacion Espanola de Docentes de Educacion Fisica, 2022) Perovano-Camargo, Leonardo; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Da Silva, Otávio Guimarães TavaresBrazil is a country of great social inequalities, and both sports and social projects are credited as potential modifiers of these realities. Based on this principle, this study seeks to understand how social sports projects were studied, planned, and evaluated, based on the scientific literature. A review with characteristics of qualitative meta-analysis was carried out in the Portal of Periodicals of CAPES with the descriptors 'project'; 'sports'; and 'social'; and after the inclusion of only peer-reviewed journals, analysis of titles and abstracts, and consequent exclusion of articles that did not specifically deal with sports projects of a social nature, a total of nine articles were reached for full reading. The most relevant themes for the research objective were "social vulnerabilities", the "diversity of methodologies used to obtain the results", and "gaps found in the discussions/omissions about the methodologies worked and evaluations of the declared objectives". It is concluded from the results of the participants' speeches that those spaces are valuable, due to the offer of different experiences than the harshness found in the daily life of the peripheral spaces to which they lived. However, it is believed that there are ways pointed out in the literature to plan, execute, and evaluate the effects on the life world of these young people more effectively. It is intended that this review can serve as a basis for future studies that seek to make empirical analyzes in other social sports projects, due to the quality perceived in the methodological approach of the articles. © Copyright: Federación Española de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educación Física (FEADEF). ItemDIAMOND OF THE DESERT: THE CASE OF QATAR’S 2022 FIFA WORLD CUP(University of Rijeka, Faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Opatija, 2022) Russo, Eduardo; Figueira, Ariane; Swart, Kamilla; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JoseFor the first time in the Arab world, the FIFA World Cup in Qatar 2022 was one of the main drivers for promoting important infrastructural changes in the country, as well as for transforming the image of Qatar in order to make the destination more attractive to foreign tourists. However, despite the great wealth from its Oil & Gas reserves, several social challenges that historically affect the country began to emerge due to greater coverage of the international media, threatening the expectations of positive legacies left on the country's image from the event. Given this context, the case puts the reader in the role of Ahmed Al-Nasr, then Chairman of the Qatar Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy, as he faces different pressures made by major international brands sponsoring the event who now see their image threatened by successive controversies that the country has been involved in and they are threatening to withdraw their support and investments. The case is indicated for undergraduate and graduate students of courses in the area of Tourism, Sport Management, and Business interested in discussing topics and concepts related to environmental, social, and governance (ESG) responsibility, management of mega events, international marketing, and country destination image. ItemEsporte antes e depois(Autonomous University of Lisbon, 2021) Marcon, Giovani; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo JosePor ser o espelho da sociedade, estamos próximos de uma grande mudança no mundo esportivo. A oportunidade de refletir e dar um grande salto para uma evolução extraordinária será inevitável por todos nós. É evidente que este momento de crise é uma consequência de anomalias do ecossistema muito antes de janeiro de 2020. O fato é que a história se dividirá entre a era antes da COVID-19 (AC2020) e a era depois da COVID-19 (DC2020). Nos últimos anos, com o fim da terceira revolução industrial, a sociedade brasileira aguardava com entusiasmo a tão chegada era do Conhecimento. Enquanto grandes autoridades e corporações promoviam a disrupção digital, com a promoção da democratização da tecnologia, erramos todos, impactados com as respostas dos nossos atos. ItemEducation for Self-Management of Cooperatives and its Contribution to Local Development(Equalitas, 2022) da Silva, Daniel Bispo Ferreira; Pinheiro, Geraldo; Galhardo, Giselle; da Silva, Jorge Ferreira; Franquini, Karen Freitas; Azevedo, Régis; Nascimento, Sheila Santos do; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Guedes, André Luís Azevedo; da Silva, Carlos Alberto FigueiredoThis work analyzes the cooperative principle and its importance for self-management. It also verifies in the literature a possible contribution to the objective for sustainable development number 4, with the potential to develop skills and technical competencies for the cooperative members, mainly in the self-management of recovered companies and in the specialized training of the local community. Education and professional training appear as a relevant factor in the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 of the United Nations (UN) 2030 Agenda, such as Goals 4.3 and 4.4, indicating the importance of these processes to all countries. Brazil has vocational schools with technical level courses for traditional professions and the S System, such as the National Service for Cooperative Learning (SESCOOP) and others, whose objective is to train professionals for the job market. ItemLockdown duration and training intensity affect sleep behavior in an international sample of 1454 elite athletes(Frontiers Media S.A., 2022-06-15) Romdhani, Mohamed; Fullagar, Hugh H.K.; Vitale, Jacopo Antonino; Nedelec, Mathieu; Rae, Dale Elisabeth; Ammar, Achraf; Chtourou, Hamdi; Al-horani, Ramzi A; BEN SAAD, Helmi; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Donmez, Gurhan; Dergaa, Ismail; DRISS, Tarak; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Hammouda, Omar; Harroum, Nesrine; Hassanmirzaei, Bahar; Khalladi, Karim; Khemila, Syrine; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Moussa-Chamari, Imen; Mujika, Iñigo; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Fashkhami, Amin Norouzi; Paineiras-Domingos, Laisa Liane; Khaneghah, Mehrshad Rahbari; Saita, Yoshitomo; Souissi, Nizar; Trabelsi, Khaled; Washif, Jad Adrian; Weber, Johanna; Zmijewski, Piotr; Taylor, Lee; Garbarino, Sergio; Chamari, KarimObjective: To investigate the effect of (i) lockdown duration and (ii) training intensity on sleep quality and insomnia symptoms in elite athletes. Methods: 1454 elite athletes (24.1±6.7 years; 42% female; 41% individual sports) from 40 countries answered a retrospective, cross-sectional, web-based questionnaire relating to their behavioral habits pre- and during- COVID-19 lockdown, including: (i) Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI); (ii) Insomnia severity index (ISI); bespoke questions about (iii) napping; and (iv) training behaviors. The association between dependent (PSQI and ISI) and independent variables (sleep, napping, and training behaviors) was determined with multiple regression and is reported as semi-partial correlation coefficient squared (in percentage). Results: 15% spent < one month, 27% spent 1-2 months and 58% spent > two months in lockdown. 29% self-reported maintaining the same training intensity during-lockdown whilst 71% reduced training intensity. PSQI (4.1±2.4 to 5.8±3.1; mean difference (MD): 1.7; 95% confidence interval of the difference (95% CI): 1.6 to 1.9) and ISI (5.1±4.7 to 7.7±6.4; MD: 2.6; 95% CI: 2.3 to 2.9) scores were higher during- compared to pre-lockdown, associated (all p<0.001) with longer sleep onset latency (PSQI: 28%; ISI: 23%), later bedtime (PSQI: 13%; ISI: 14%) and later preferred time of day to train (PSQI: 9%; ISI: 5%) during-lockdown. Those who reduced training intensity during-lockdown showed higher PSQI (p<0.001; MD: 1.25; 95% CI: 0.87 to 1.63) and ISI (p<0.001; MD: 2.5; 95% CI: 1.72 to 3.27) scores compared to those who maintained training intensity. Although the PSQI score was not affected by the lockdown duration, the ISI score was higher in athletes who spent > two months confined compared to those who spent < one month (p<0.001; MD: 1.28; 95% CI: 0.26 to 2.3). Conclusions: Reducing training intensity during the COVID-19-induced lockdown was associated with lower sleep quality and higher insomnia severity in elite athletes. Lockdown duration had further disrupting effects on elite athletes’ sleep behavior. These findings could be of relevance in future lockdown or lockdown-like situations (e.g., prolonged illness, injury, and quarantine after international travel). © 2022 Romdhani, Fullagar, Vitale, Nedelec, Rae, Ammar, Chtourou, Al-horani, BEN SAAD, Bragazzi, Donmez, Dergaa, DRISS, Farooq, Hammouda, Harroum, Hassanmirzaei, Khalladi, Khemila, Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Moussa-Chamari, Mujika, Muñoz Helú, Norouzi Fashkhami, Paineiras-Domingos, Rahbari Khaneghah, Saita, Souissi, Trabelsi, Washif, Weber, Zmijewski, Taylor, Garbarino and Chamari. ItemRamadan observance exacerbated the negative effects of COVID-19 lockdown on sleep and training behaviors: an international survey on 1681 Muslim athlete(Frontiers Media S.A., 2022-06-30) Romdhani, Mohamed; Ammar, Achraf; Trabelsi, Khaled; Chtourou, Hamdi; Vitale, Jacopo Antonino; Masmoudi, Liwa; Nedelec, Mathieu; Rae, Dale Elizabeth; Al-horani, Ramzi A.; BEN SAAD, Helmi; Bragazzi, Luigi; Donmez, Gurhan; Dergaa, Ismail; DRISS, Tarak; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Hammouda, Omar; Harroum, Nesrine; Hassanmirzaei, Bahar; Khalladi, Karim; Khemila, Syrine; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Moussa-Chamari, Imen; Mujika, Iñigo; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Fashkhami, Amin Norouzi; Paineiras-Domingos, Laisa Liane; Khaneghah, Mehrshad Rahbari; Saita, Yoshitomo; Souabni, Maher; Souissi, Nizar; Washif, Jad Adrian; Weber, Johanna; Zmijewski, Piotr; Taylor, Lee; Garbarino, Sergio; Chamari, KarimObjective: Disrupted sleep and training behaviors in athletes have been reported during the COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed at investigating the combined effects of Ramadan observance and COVID-19 related lockdown in Muslim athletes. Methods: From an international sample of athletes (n = 3911), 1681 Muslim athletes (from 44 countries; 25.1 ± 8.7 years, 38% females, 41% elite, 51% team sport athletes) answered a retrospective, cross-sectional questionnaire relating to their behavioral habits pre- and during- COVID-19 lockdown, including: (i) Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI); (ii) insomnia severity index (ISI); (iii) bespoke questions about training, napping, and eating behaviors, and (iv) questions related to training and sleep behaviors during-lockdown and Ramadan compared to lockdown outside of Ramadan. The survey was disseminated predominately through social media, opening July 8th and closing September 30th, 2020. Results: The lockdown reduced sleep quality and increased insomnia severity (both p<0.001). Compared to non-Muslim (n=2230), Muslim athletes reported higher PSQI and ISI scores during-lockdown (both p<0.001), but not pre-lockdown (p>0.05). Muslim athletes reported longer (p<0.001; d=0.29) and later (p<0.001; d=0.14) daytime naps, and an increase in late-night meals (p<0.001; d=0.49) during- compared to pre-lockdown. Both sleep quality (χ2=222.6; p<0.001) and training volume (χ2=342.4; p<0.001) were lower during-lockdown and Ramadan compared to lockdown outside of Ramadan in the Muslims athletes. Conclusion: Muslim athletes reported lower sleep quality and higher insomnia severity during- compared to pre-lockdown, and this was exacerbated by Ramadan observance. Therefore, further attention to Muslim athletes is warranted when a circadian disrupter (e.g., lockdown) occurs during Ramadan. © 2022 Romdhani, Ammar, Trabelsi, Chtourou, Vitale, Masmoudi, Nedelec, Rae, Al-horani, BEN SAAD, Bragazzi, Donmez, Dergaa, DRISS, Farooq, Hammouda, Harroum, Hassanmirzaei, Khalladi, Khemila, Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Moussa-Chamari, Mujika, Muñoz Helú, Norouzi Fashkhami, Paineiras-Domingos, Rahbari Khaneghah, Saita, Souabni, Souissi, Washif, Weber, Zmijewski, Taylor, Garbarino and Chamari. ItemAre there opportunities for women as head coaches in Brazil's national teams? The case of handball(Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, 2022) Mesquita, Idalina Borges; da Silva, Carlos Alberto Figueiredo; Ghayebzadeh, Shahrouz; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Ribeiro, TiagoAim: This study aims to analyze the perceptions of women who hold leadership positions in sports on female participation as the head coach of the Brazilian women's handball national team. Method: We offer a qualitative case study. The collected data was through in-depth elite interviews. The interviewees’ responses were analyzed and interpreted using the construction of categories. Results: The finds show perceptions of the categorization process. Three main categories emerged: 1) Prejudice. The interviewees affirm that the prejudice within the sport has been decreasing over the years. But it remains latent and continues to make difficult the continuity and rise of women in sports. 2) Professional and personal life. The interviewees affirm that Brazil is still a macho country, and even at a lower level, prejudice still exists in the universe of sports. The sport is known as a territory where men produce and demonstrate their masculinity; this favors the perception that coaches are usually men, having specific questions about the women's competence in that position, and that only men would be able to run teams. 3) Competence. The conciliation between family and professional life is a delicate situation, promotes conflicts, and does not favor the rise of women in positions of command. Nevertheless, the difficulty of reconciling personal and professional life, especially in high-performance sports, is necessary to leave home for extended periods for training or competition. Conclusion: The prejudice still is present despite its reduction over the years. The men domain the sports career, and for women, it is necessary to face the glass ceiling and prove their capacity constantly. Women's access to head coach teams, such as the Brazilian adult women's handball national team, is still a significant challenge. © 2022 Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP. All rights reserved.