Sport Management

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    Training practices of Filipino athletes during the early COVID-19 lockdown
    (University of Zagreb - Faculty of Kinesiology, 2022) Pagaduan, Jeffrey Cayaban; Washif, Jad Adrian; Krug, Isabel; Ammar, Achraf; Saad, Helmi Ben; James, Carl; Cortis, Cristina; Trabelsi, Khaled; Haddad, Monoem; Bok, Daniel; Hassanmirzaei, Bahar; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Pérez-Gómez, Jorge; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Chen, Yung-Sheng; Gastin, Paul; Chamari, Karim
    The imposition of COVID-19 lockdown restricted the daily activities of many people, including athletes. This study investigated the training practices of athletes in the Philippines during the early COVID-19 lockdown. A total of 442 athletes answered an online survey (May-July 2020), with questions pertaining to training practices, such as training frequency and duration. Data were analyzed according to: athlete classification (world-class, international, national, state, or recreational), sport category (individual or team), and sex (male or female). During lockdown, significant reductions in training frequency (except recreational, i.e., lower pre-lockdown training) and duration were observed for all athletic classifications. Similarly, training frequency and duration decreased significantly irrespective of sport category and sex. World class athletes appeared to be less affected by lockdown (types of exercise and specific training) as compared to lower-classification athletes. Athletes grouped in accordance with sex and sport category demonstrated little to no difference in training practices during the COVID-19 lockdown. The findings of the current study highlight the challenges experienced by athletes during lockdown, which may aid policy makers in the development of guidelines related to lockdown or lockdown-like situations to establish appropriate support for affected athletes. © 2022, University of Zagreb - Faculty of Kinesiology. All rights reserved.
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    COVID-19 Lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes' Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices
    (Human Kinetics Publishers Inc., 2022-08) Washif, Jad Adrian; Sandbakk, Øyvind; Seiler, Stephen; Haugen, Thomas; Farooq, Abdulaziz; Quarrie, Ken; Janse van Rensburg, Dina C.; Krug, Isabel; Verhagen, Evert; Wong, Del P.; Mujika, Iñigo; Cortis, Cristina; Haddad, Monoem; Ahmadian, Omid; Jufaili, Mahmood Al; Al-Horani, Ramzi A.; Al-Mohannadi, Abdulla Saeed; Aloui, Asma; Ammar, Achraf; Arifi, Fitim; Aziz, Abdul Rashid; Batuev, Mikhail; Beaven, Christopher Martyn; Beneke, Ralph; Bici, Arben; Bishnoi, Pallawi; Bogwasi, Lone; Bok, Daniel; Boukhris, Omar; Boullosa, Daniel; Bragazzi, Nicola; Brito, Joao; Cartagena, Roxana Paola Palacios; Chaouachi, Anis; Cheung, Stephen S.; Chtourou, Hamdi; Cosma, Germina; Debevec, Tadej; DeLang, Matthew D.; Dellal, Alexandre; Dönmez, Gürhan; Driss, Tarak; Duque, Juan David Peña; Eirale, Cristiano; Elloumi, Mohamed; Foster, Carl; Franchini, Emerson; Fusco, Andrea; Galy, Olivier; Gastin, Paul B.; Gill, Nicholas; Girard, Olivier; Gregov, Cvita; Halson, Shona; Hammouda, Omar; Hanzlíková, Ivana; Hassanmirzaei, Bahar; Hébert-Losier, Kim; Helú, Hussein Muñoz; Herrera-Valenzuela, Tomás; Hettinga, Florentina J.; Holtzhausen, Louis; Hue, Olivier; Dello Iacono, Antonio; Ihalainen, Johanna K.; James, Carl; Joseph, Saju; Kamoun, Karim; Khaled, Mehdi; Khalladi, Karim; Kim, Kwang Joon; Kok, Lian-Yee; MacMillan, Lewis; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Matsunaga, Ryo; Memishi, Shpresa; Millet, Grégoire P.; Moussa-Chamari, Imen; Musa, Danladi Ibrahim; Nguyen, Hoang Minh Thuan; Nikolaidis, Pantelis T.; Owen, Adam; Padulo, Johnny; Pagaduan, Jeffrey Cabayan; Perera, Nirmala Panagodage; Pillay, Lervasen; Popa, Arporn; Pudasaini, Avishkar; Rabbani, Alizera; Rahayu, Tandiyo; Romdhani, Mohamed; Pérez-Gómez, Jorge; Salamh, Paul; Sarkar, Abu-Sufian; Schillinger, Andy; Setyawati, Heny; Shrestha, Navina; Tabben, Montassar; Trabelsi, Khaled; Urhausen, Axel; Suraya, Fatona; Valtonen, Maarit; Weber, Johanna; Whiteley, Rodney; Zrane, Adel; Zerguini, Yacine; Zmijewski, Piotr; Saad, Helmi Ben; Pyne, David B.; Taylor, Lee; Chamari, Karim
    Purpose: To investigate differences in athletes' knowledge, beliefs, and training practices during COVID-19 lockdowns with reference to sport classification and sex. This work extends an initial descriptive evaluation focusing on athlete classification. Methods: Athletes (12,526; 66% male; 142 countries) completed an online survey (May-July 2020) assessing knowledge, beliefs, and practices toward training. Sports were classified as team sports (45%), endurance (20%), power/technical (10%), combat (9%), aquatic (6%), recreational (4%), racquet (3%), precision (2%), parasports (1%), and others (1%). Further analysis by sex was performed. Results: During lockdown, athletes practiced body-weight-based exercises routinely (67% females and 64% males), ranging from 50% (precision) to 78% (parasports). More sport-specific technical skills were performed in combat, parasports, and precision (∼50%) than other sports (∼35%). Most athletes (range: 50% [parasports] to 75% [endurance]) performed cardiorespiratory training (trivial sex differences). Compared to prelockdown, perceived training intensity was reduced by 29% to 41%, depending on sport (largest decline: ∼38% in team sports, unaffected by sex). Some athletes (range: 7%-49%) maintained their training intensity for strength, endurance, speed, plyometric, change-of-direction, and technical training. Athletes who previously trained ≥5 sessions per week reduced their volume (range: 18%-28%) during lockdown. The proportion of athletes (81%) training ≥60 min/session reduced by 31% to 43% during lockdown. Males and females had comparable moderate levels of training knowledge (56% vs 58%) and beliefs/attitudes (54% vs 56%). Conclusions: Changes in athletes' training practices were sport-specific, with few or no sex differences. Team-based sports were generally more susceptible to changes than individual sports. Policy makers should provide athletes with specific training arrangements and educational resources to facilitate remote and/or home-based training during lockdown-type events. © 2022 Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.. All rights reserved.
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    Factores que influyen sobre las actitudes hacia la participación de la mujer en el deporte = Factors influencing attitudes towards women's participation in sport
    (Universidad de A Coruña, 2022-09-01) Cruz-Morales, Karla Noelia; Muñoz-Helú, Hussein; Rios Mena Gaxiola, Javier Arturo ; Guimarães-Mataruna, Andressa Fontes; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Reynoso-Sánchez, Luis Felipe
    Sport through the influence of educational institutions improve the promotion of gender equity. The aim of the study was to analyze the influence of gender, area of academic formation and sports practice over the attitudes towards women's participation in sports by the student community of the Universidad Autónoma de Occidente (UAdeO). A cross-sectional study with correlational-explanatory scope was realized with 3,716 (71.3% women and 28.7% men) UAdeO students. The scale about the perception of attitudes towards women's participation in sports (AWPS) was applied. Comparisons were made according to gender, type of sport practice and area of study and regression coefficients were calculated between the sociodemographic variables and the AWPS using the method of introducing variables. The results show that the gender, sports practice, and area of study variables were significant predictors of three scales of the AWPS. Likewise, differences were observed in the AWPS factors as a function of sociodemographic variables. It is possible to conclude that the attitudes towards women's participation in sport of the participants are influenced by the variables gender, sport practice and area of studies. Copyright (c) 2022 Sportis. Scientific Journal of School Sport, Physical Education and Psychomotricity
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    Avaliação dos riscos de transmissão do SARS-CoV-2 durante o treinamento de um clube de futebol no Brasil = Evaluation of the risks associated with the transmission of SARS-Cov-2 during a professional football club's training in Brazil
    (School of Physical Education and Sport of the University of São Paulo (EEFEUSP), 2022-08-30) Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Silva, Gabriel Nascimento; Nascimento, Rodrigo Mendonça do; Oliveira, Eduardo Thomaz de; Costa, Angela Marta Souza da; Cavalari, Nadine Tonelli; Ortiz-Silva, Bianca
    COVID-19 is an infectious disease with respiratory transmission caused by the new coronavirus. Due to the high viral transmissibility, sports activities were severely impacted all over the world and in Brazil football was paralyzed for about four months. The objective of this study was to identify the activities with the highest risk of Covid-19 transmission in a professional soccer club in Rio de Janeiro based on a cross-sectional study with a semi-quantitative emphasis. The results showed that physical training showed a greater number of touches (105) with a high prevalence of hand on the ball (94%). The antibody search found that 24,2% tested positive for IgG during the study. During the training phase, no cases of SARS-CoV-2 transmission between players and staff were identified. It is believed that biosafety measures and the individual and collective commitment of everyone to social isolation and hygiene measures are an important strategy for the viability of sports activities. Copyright (c) 2022 Brazilian journal of physical education and sport
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    Review on social sports projects in Brazil: Review update, qualitative methanalysis and research gap perception
    (Federacion Espanola de Docentes de Educacion Fisica, 2022) Perovano-Camargo, Leonardo; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose; Da Silva, Otávio Guimarães Tavares
    Brazil is a country of great social inequalities, and both sports and social projects are credited as potential modifiers of these realities. Based on this principle, this study seeks to understand how social sports projects were studied, planned, and evaluated, based on the scientific literature. A review with characteristics of qualitative meta-analysis was carried out in the Portal of Periodicals of CAPES with the descriptors 'project'; 'sports'; and 'social'; and after the inclusion of only peer-reviewed journals, analysis of titles and abstracts, and consequent exclusion of articles that did not specifically deal with sports projects of a social nature, a total of nine articles were reached for full reading. The most relevant themes for the research objective were "social vulnerabilities", the "diversity of methodologies used to obtain the results", and "gaps found in the discussions/omissions about the methodologies worked and evaluations of the declared objectives". It is concluded from the results of the participants' speeches that those spaces are valuable, due to the offer of different experiences than the harshness found in the daily life of the peripheral spaces to which they lived. However, it is believed that there are ways pointed out in the literature to plan, execute, and evaluate the effects on the life world of these young people more effectively. It is intended that this review can serve as a basis for future studies that seek to make empirical analyzes in other social sports projects, due to the quality perceived in the methodological approach of the articles. © Copyright: Federación Española de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educación Física (FEADEF).