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    ‘Imitate or Incubate?’ Evaluating the Current State of University-Based Business Incubators in the United Arab Emirates
    (Sage Publications India Pvt. Ltd, 2022) Yasin, Naveed; Gilani, Sayed Abdul Majid
    Although there has been extensive research on business incubators (BIs) in the private sector, relatively little is known about university-based business incubators (UBIs) in the context of emerging markets such as the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study explores the current state of UBIs in the UAE by analysing secondary and primary data obtained through desk-based research and qualitative semi-structured interviews with UBI managers, academics and support staff. Informed by this study comprising nine cases of UBIs in the UAE, the data were collected through Voice over Internet Protocol and telephone during March 2021–February 2022 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the analysis of data using Template Analysis, the findings illustrate that UAE universities’ BIs are relatively young and characterized by eight key themes, which were identified as (a) attracting new students, (b) improving communication skills, (c) curriculum development, (d) extra-curricular development, (e) industry engagement, (f) innovation/spinoffs, (g) research skills and (h) strategic thinking. As per the UAE Vision 2031, UBIs will play a crucial role in innovation and entrepreneurship, and therefore there are implications for academics, entrepreneurs and policymakers. © 2022 Fortune Institute of International Business.
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    The Effect of Children's Innovative Education Courses Based on Fractional Differential Equations
    (Sciendo, 2022) Ni, Lianjing; Wang, Liping; Haq, Farooq; Nassar, Islam; Erkir, Sarp
    Fractional differential equations are one of the important contents of advanced mathematics courses. The article uses fractional differential equations to describe the effects of children's innovative education courses. Through the qualitative analysis of the basic model, several conditions to ensure the effect of children's innovative education courses are obtained. At the same time, combined with practical experience, the teaching curriculum case design analyzes the specific application of the fractional differential equation in the effect of children's innovative education curriculum. Research has found that the fractional differential equation algorithm improves the efficiency of innovation. © 2022 Lianjing Ni et al., published by Sciendo 2022.
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    The Economic Impact of COVID-19 on Religious Tourism to the Kartarpur Corridor
    (Dublin Institute of Technology, 2022) Haq, Farooq; Medhekar, Anita
    The aim of this paper is to analyse the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on religious tourism in the Kartarpur Gurdwara Corridor between the Punjab States of Pakistan and India. The corridor was opened as a peace building initiative 72 years after the partition of India-Pakistan. In November 2019, thousands of Sikh pilgrims visited Kartarpur and Nankana Sahib in Punjab to celebrate the 550th birth anniversary of the founder of the Sikh religion Guru Nanakji, where he spent last 19 years of his life. The Government of Pakistan invested heavily to build the infrastructure facilities for connecting both borders for religious tourism. The two phases of development of Kartarpur created economic opportunities for the growth of bilateral trade, religious tourism, diplomacy, and peaceful relationships. However, the COVID-19 based travel lockdown caused devastating economic impacts on the Kartarpur religious tourism site and related businesses just four months after its opening. This paper highlights the importance of Kartarpur religious tourism and the devastating economic impact from COVID-19 on the niche spiritual tourism-based economy, employment, marketing, and peace associated with Kartarpur. Qualitative content analysis was adopted using quotes from internet sources to reach findings. Some opportunities are highlighted for a better understanding of global health issues, unified efforts to fight the pandemic and mutual support for spiritual tourism development among Indians and Pakistanis. Policy implications suggest that post-COVID-19, public-private partnership is needed to cooperatively plan, develop, and promote religious tourism, build awareness, and cooperate for common resource management for economic benefits. COVID-19 could be a cooperative stimulus for peaceful change through bilateral trade, travel, and tourism plans, based on responsible cross-border tourism for India and Pakistan; to create a mutually beneficial South-Asian economic success story. © 2022 Dublin Institute of Technology. All rights reserved.
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    Cross-Border Cooperation for Bilateral Trade, Travel, and Tourism: A Challenge for India and Pakistan
    (IGI Global, 2022-01-01) Medhekar, Anita; Haq, Farooq
    Cross-Border Cooperation (CBC) is described as collaboration with neighbouring countries sharing land or sea borders to cooperate to reduce poverty and inequality among people, and improve living standards for sustainable development of the regions. European Union key objective has been CBC model where bordering countries in balanced partnership, have equal say in program decision-making process for sustainable development to meet common goals. The three factors essential for CBC clearly defined goals, promotion of political transparency, and promotion of connectivity and communication are correlated with the four levels of CBC implementation and public-private-partnerships. This chapter examines the challenge and significance of cross border cooperative relationship between India and Pakistan to disarm and have peace, for achieving 17 sustainable development goals in bordering conflict regions between the two countries for socio-economic progress and prosperity of the millions of people living in South Asia. © 2022 by IGI Global. All rights reserved.
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    Cold grass or hot sands? A comparative study of immigrant Punjabi–Pakistani entrepreneurs in London and Dubai
    (John Wiley and Sons Inc, 2022) Yasin, Naveed
    The purpose of this paper is to cross-nationally compare one immigrant community's business start-up experiences in ethnic enclaves of London (UK) and Dubai (UAE). The primary data were collected through 20 in-depth semi-structured interviews (10 from each country) identified through personal contact networks and snowball sampling approaches in each country. The data were collected from November 2020 to March 2021 and analyzed using the template analysis approach. The findings reveal positive and ambitious business start-up motivations and experiences among a psychologically “transient” migrant community in the UAE, despite starting their business under stricter business start-up regulations in comparison with the UK sample where adverse motivations for business start-up were reported with negative business start-up experiences among a “naturalized” migrant community with comparatively liberal business start-up regulations. This study contributes to the death of empirical cross-national studies in immigrant entrepreneurship and provides impetus to the mixed embeddedness model while also reviving the seminal works of Phizacklea and Ram as a continuation of a stagnant discourse on cross-national ethnic entrepreneurship. © 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.