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- ItemThere’s Always a Plan: Eduplan Case Study(Case Centre UK, 2022)Entrepreneurship has been widely understood as something that involves setting up a business as well as taking financial risks in the hope of generating profit. However, over time the widespread understanding of entrepreneurship has been eventually changed to involve innovation. Entrepreneurship and innovation have gone hand in hand in the fitness industry for majority of the 20th century followed by the full period in the 21st Century. Based on the rapid growth of education sector, the demand for educational resources have drastically changed the lives of people around the world due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic that has transformed the education market. The case of the Eduplan provides students with insights to nascent entrepreneurship in a dynamic and rapidly growing industry to understand and recognize the strategic response to market demand and conditions. The case enables the learner to engage with understanding the enterprising characteristics of an entrepreneur, understand the entrepreneurial motives, and evaluate the impact of environmental factors on a start-up enterprise. Furthermore, the learner can recommend options for growth for the new start-up businesses whilst also recognizing the implications of the proposed suggestions.
- ItemAssessing the current state of university-based business incubators in Canada(SAGE Publications Ltd, 2022)This paper explores the current state of university-based business incubators (UBIs) in Canada by utilizing both secondary and primary data obtained through desk-based secondary research and semi-structured interviews with UBI managers, academics, and support staff. These data informed the development of nine cases of UBIs in Canada. The data were collected from VoIP (Voice-Over-Internet-Protocol) based semi-structured interviews with 32 participants during the COVID-19 pandemic (March 2021–February 2022), from which 9 cases were developed during the pandemic. The key themes derived from the findings were the development of communication skills, curriculum development, extra-curricular activities, industry engagement, innovation, research skills and strategic thinking. The originality of this study lies in its identification of the current state of UBI activities as well as its assessment of the broad range of activities and provisions among Canadian UBIs. The empirical development of showcasing these initiatives is also novel for the efficacy of UBIs concerning institutional and managerial decision-making and operational planning. There are implications for academics, senior management in higher education, entrepreneurs, policymakers and other stakeholders in the entrepreneurship ecosystem. © The Author(s) 2022.
- ItemThe Dubai Dream: A Case Study of Nabi Café in the Emirate of Dubai(Case Centre UK, 2022)Nowadays, female entrepreneurs are recognized as a fast-growing category of entrepreneurship, aggravated many researchers/academics' attention. Women can create an outstanding contribution to entrepreneurial activity, leading to economic development through making new job opportunities available, GDP rise, as well as positively impacting poverty. Nonetheless, women's participation in the business industry is remarkably lower than men's as it's reported that in UAE, males are more probably to be established entrepreneurs at 7% compared to female established entrepreneurs at 0.9%. Those findings suggest that males generally would be at a higher rate of entrepreneurship and more likely to be business owners beyond the start-up levels. In this case study, we will be discussing the complications that female entrepreneurs face instantly and provide the methods of dealing with these complications by reviewing the in-depth interview in cooperation with Nabaa Kamal owner of Nabi Café, walking us through its success journey. Although the case study would not cover all aspects of the problematic issues, it still provides a decent account of the perspectives and steps that can positively influence young females in UAE towards entrepreneurship.
- Item‘Imitate or Incubate?’ Evaluating the Current State of University-Based Business Incubators in the United Arab Emirates(Sage Publications India Pvt. Ltd, 2022)Although there has been extensive research on business incubators (BIs) in the private sector, relatively little is known about university-based business incubators (UBIs) in the context of emerging markets such as the United Arab Emirates (UAE). This study explores the current state of UBIs in the UAE by analysing secondary and primary data obtained through desk-based research and qualitative semi-structured interviews with UBI managers, academics and support staff. Informed by this study comprising nine cases of UBIs in the UAE, the data were collected through Voice over Internet Protocol and telephone during March 2021–February 2022 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the analysis of data using Template Analysis, the findings illustrate that UAE universities’ BIs are relatively young and characterized by eight key themes, which were identified as (a) attracting new students, (b) improving communication skills, (c) curriculum development, (d) extra-curricular development, (e) industry engagement, (f) innovation/spinoffs, (g) research skills and (h) strategic thinking. As per the UAE Vision 2031, UBIs will play a crucial role in innovation and entrepreneurship, and therefore there are implications for academics, entrepreneurs and policymakers. © 2022 Fortune Institute of International Business.
- ItemCold grass or hot sands? A comparative study of immigrant Punjabi–Pakistani entrepreneurs in London and Dubai(John Wiley and Sons Inc, 2022)The purpose of this paper is to cross-nationally compare one immigrant community's business start-up experiences in ethnic enclaves of London (UK) and Dubai (UAE). The primary data were collected through 20 in-depth semi-structured interviews (10 from each country) identified through personal contact networks and snowball sampling approaches in each country. The data were collected from November 2020 to March 2021 and analyzed using the template analysis approach. The findings reveal positive and ambitious business start-up motivations and experiences among a psychologically “transient” migrant community in the UAE, despite starting their business under stricter business start-up regulations in comparison with the UK sample where adverse motivations for business start-up were reported with negative business start-up experiences among a “naturalized” migrant community with comparatively liberal business start-up regulations. This study contributes to the death of empirical cross-national studies in immigrant entrepreneurship and provides impetus to the mixed embeddedness model while also reviving the seminal works of Phizacklea and Ram as a continuation of a stagnant discourse on cross-national ethnic entrepreneurship. © 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.