An Analysis Safe Protocols Employed in Professional Male Soccer and the Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the 2020 Brazilian Championship

Date
2021
Authors
Mataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose
Albuquerque, Pedro da Gama Roberto de
Vasconcellos, Gabriel de Almeida
Nascimento, Rodrigo Mendonça do
Cavalari, Nadine Tonelli
Range, Daniel
Guimarães-Mataruna, Andressa Fontes
Ortiz-Silva, Bianca
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic directly reached and impacted upon elite sports and caused the postponement of sporting events globally. In order to enable the return of activities, protocols were created with recommendations to prevent the transmission of COVID-19. The objective of this work is to analyze and compare the safe return protocols of major football leagues and associations to those of the Brazilian Championship, as well as to survey the numbers of COVID-19 outbreaks in clubs that competed in the 2020 Brazilian Championship Series A. The documentary research was carried out through the analysis of articles published on open-source football league and federation websites. National and international return protocols were verified, as well as the documenting of isolated cases and outbreaks of COVID-19 in the Brazilian Championship. In the Brazilian Championship, the return to play occurred at a time when COVID-19 case numbers were rising, a fact that, together with the decentralization of the match cities, was likely linked to the number of positive cases. A total of 302 positive cases of COVID-19 were identified in 14 outbreaks during the competition. Therefore, this work identifies good practice and underscores the need to reassess and refine the protocols to minimize the impacts of COVID-19 going forward. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Description
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article is published in Sustainability (2021), available online at: https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413585
Keywords
COVID-19, soccer protocol, Brazilian Championship
Citation
Mataruna-Dos-Santos, L. J., de Albuquerque, P. D. G. R., Vasconcellos, G. A., Do Nascimento, R. M., Cavalari, N. T., Range, D., . . . Ortiz-Silva, B. (2021). An analysis safe protocols employed in professional male soccer and the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the 2020 Brazilian championship. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13(24). http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su132413585
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