Nonlinear impacts of board independence on debt financing: Contingent on the shareholdings of the largest shareholder

Date
2021-04
Authors
Kweh, Qian Long
Ting, Irene Wei Kiong
Le, Hanh Thi My
Nourani, Mohammad
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Abstract
Shareholder interest is unprotected until and unless precise financial decision making is in place. Although literature supports the independent directors' monitoring function in a decision-making process, for a controversial debt financing issue, the influence of the largest shareholders may hinder such an action. This study aims to delineate the association between board independence and debt financing when the largest shareholders are likely to play a significant role between them. With a sample of Vietnamese listed companies from 2007 to 2016, our regression analyses show that a nonlinear U-shaped relationship between level of board independence and debt financing is stronger among the largest shareholders with a high level of shareholdings in their shareholding group than the full sample. This finding implies the determining influence of the largest shareholders with a high level of shareholdings in a company. However, this association is not found in companies with a low level of shareholdings by the largest shareholders. Results reveal that the largest shareholders have the incentive to influence the decision making of independent directors about debt financing when their shareholdings are high. Specifically, issuing more debt to raise capital for business reduces the risk of the largest shareholders losing their controlling rights. The results are further supported by several robustness checks and controlling for economic events such as the global financial crisis and ASEAN Economic Community. © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Description
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article paper is published in International Journal of Finance & Economics (2021), available online at: https://doi.org/10.1002/ijfe.1907
Keywords
Audit Committee, Corporate Governance, Board Independence, board independence, debt financing, largest shareholders, nonlinearity, Vietnam
Citation
Kweh, Q. L., Ting, I. W. K., Le, H. T. M., & Nourani, M. (2021). Nonlinear impacts of board independence on debt financing: Contingent on the shareholdings of the largest shareholder. International Journal of Finance & Economics, 26(2), 2289-2306. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijfe.1907