An experimental performance evaluation and compatibility study of the bluetooth low energy based platform for ECG monitoring in WBANs

Touati, Farid
Erdene‐Ochir, Ochirkhand
Mehmood, Waiser
Hassan, Ammad
Mnaouer, Adel Ben
Gaabab, Brahim
Rasid, Mohd Fadlee A.
Khriji, Lazhar
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Hindawi Publishing Corporation
A long term healthcare monitoring system requires battery operated devices with low-power technologies. Researchers tried to adapt various short-range technologies for Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) in ubiquitous health monitoring. The classical Bluetooth is known for its greedy power consumption, IrDA and NFC require line-of-sight conditions, and ANT has weak coexistence features and interference issues. A typical choice remains ZigBee/6LoWPAN over IEEE 802.15.4 based solutions in WBANs because of their low-power consumption. However, the recently proposed Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) announced more compelling features in various aspects. Only few studies have been published supporting these claims on BLE. In this paper, we present a BLE based remote healthcare monitoring platform and we study its compatibility for ECG monitoring. ECG data requires continuous and real-time transmissions, making it particularly challenging for resource constrained devices. In our system, a BLE112 module from Bluegiga and a BLE USB dongle are used for WBAN. The performance of the system is evaluated experimentally and the results showed good potential of this proposed BLE platform in meeting the main QoS requirements of medical applications in terms of throughput, end-to-end delay, and packet error rate, while staying energy efficient. © 2015 Farid Touati et al.
This article is licensed under Creative Commons License and full text is openly accessible in CUD Digital Repository. The version of the scholarly record of this article is published in International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks (2015), accessible online through this link
Bluetooth , Electric power utilization , Electrocardiography , Energy efficiency , Health care , Medical applications , Networks (circuits) , Quality of service , Standards , Battery operated devices , Bluetooth low energies (BLE) , Experimental performance evaluations , Real-time transmissions , Resourceconstrained devices , Ubiquitous health monitoring , Wireless body area network , Monitoring
Touati, F., Erdene-Ochir, O., Mehmood, W., Hassan, A., Mnaouer, A. B., Gaabab, B., … Khriji, L. (2015). An experimental performance evaluation and compatibility study of the bluetooth low energy based platform for ECG monitoring in WBANs. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 2015.