COVID-19 Lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes' Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices

dc.contributor.authorWashif, Jad Adrian
dc.contributor.authorSandbakk, Øyvind
dc.contributor.authorSeiler, Stephen
dc.contributor.authorHaugen, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorFarooq, Abdulaziz
dc.contributor.authorQuarrie, Ken
dc.contributor.authorJanse van Rensburg, Dina C.
dc.contributor.authorKrug, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorVerhagen, Evert
dc.contributor.authorWong, Del P.
dc.contributor.authorMujika, Iñigo
dc.contributor.authorCortis, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorHaddad, Monoem
dc.contributor.authorAhmadian, Omid
dc.contributor.authorJufaili, Mahmood Al
dc.contributor.authorAl-Horani, Ramzi A.
dc.contributor.authorAl-Mohannadi, Abdulla Saeed
dc.contributor.authorAloui, Asma
dc.contributor.authorAmmar, Achraf
dc.contributor.authorArifi, Fitim
dc.contributor.authorAziz, Abdul Rashid
dc.contributor.authorBatuev, Mikhail
dc.contributor.authorBeaven, Christopher Martyn
dc.contributor.authorBeneke, Ralph
dc.contributor.authorBici, Arben
dc.contributor.authorBishnoi, Pallawi
dc.contributor.authorBogwasi, Lone
dc.contributor.authorBok, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorBoukhris, Omar
dc.contributor.authorBoullosa, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorBragazzi, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorBrito, Joao
dc.contributor.authorCartagena, Roxana Paola Palacios
dc.contributor.authorChaouachi, Anis
dc.contributor.authorCheung, Stephen S.
dc.contributor.authorChtourou, Hamdi
dc.contributor.authorCosma, Germina
dc.contributor.authorDebevec, Tadej
dc.contributor.authorDeLang, Matthew D.
dc.contributor.authorDellal, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorDönmez, Gürhan
dc.contributor.authorDriss, Tarak
dc.contributor.authorDuque, Juan David Peña
dc.contributor.authorEirale, Cristiano
dc.contributor.authorElloumi, Mohamed
dc.contributor.authorFoster, Carl
dc.contributor.authorFranchini, Emerson
dc.contributor.authorFusco, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorGaly, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorGastin, Paul B.
dc.contributor.authorGill, Nicholas
dc.contributor.authorGirard, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorGregov, Cvita
dc.contributor.authorHalson, Shona
dc.contributor.authorHammouda, Omar
dc.contributor.authorHanzlíková, Ivana
dc.contributor.authorHassanmirzaei, Bahar
dc.contributor.authorHébert-Losier, Kim
dc.contributor.authorHelú, Hussein Muñoz
dc.contributor.authorHerrera-Valenzuela, Tomás
dc.contributor.authorHettinga, Florentina J.
dc.contributor.authorHoltzhausen, Louis
dc.contributor.authorHue, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorDello Iacono, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorIhalainen, Johanna K.
dc.contributor.authorJames, Carl
dc.contributor.authorJoseph, Saju
dc.contributor.authorKamoun, Karim
dc.contributor.authorKhaled, Mehdi
dc.contributor.authorKhalladi, Karim
dc.contributor.authorKim, Kwang Joon
dc.contributor.authorKok, Lian-Yee
dc.contributor.authorMacMillan, Lewis
dc.contributor.authorMataruna-Dos-Santos, Leonardo Jose
dc.contributor.authorMatsunaga, Ryo
dc.contributor.authorMemishi, Shpresa
dc.contributor.authorMillet, Grégoire P.
dc.contributor.authorMoussa-Chamari, Imen
dc.contributor.authorMusa, Danladi Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, Hoang Minh Thuan
dc.contributor.authorNikolaidis, Pantelis T.
dc.contributor.authorOwen, Adam
dc.contributor.authorPadulo, Johnny
dc.contributor.authorPagaduan, Jeffrey Cabayan
dc.contributor.authorPerera, Nirmala Panagodage
dc.contributor.authorPillay, Lervasen
dc.contributor.authorPopa, Arporn
dc.contributor.authorPudasaini, Avishkar
dc.contributor.authorRabbani, Alizera
dc.contributor.authorRahayu, Tandiyo
dc.contributor.authorRomdhani, Mohamed
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Gómez, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorSalamh, Paul
dc.contributor.authorSarkar, Abu-Sufian
dc.contributor.authorSchillinger, Andy
dc.contributor.authorSetyawati, Heny
dc.contributor.authorShrestha, Navina
dc.contributor.authorTabben, Montassar
dc.contributor.authorTrabelsi, Khaled
dc.contributor.authorUrhausen, Axel
dc.contributor.authorSuraya, Fatona
dc.contributor.authorValtonen, Maarit
dc.contributor.authorWeber, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorWhiteley, Rodney
dc.contributor.authorZrane, Adel
dc.contributor.authorZerguini, Yacine
dc.contributor.authorZmijewski, Piotr
dc.contributor.authorSaad, Helmi Ben
dc.contributor.authorPyne, David B.
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Lee
dc.contributor.authorChamari, Karim
dc.date.accessioned2022-10-21T05:20:11Z
dc.date.available2022-10-21T05:20:11Z
dc.date.copyright© 2022
dc.date.issued2022-08
dc.descriptionThis work is not available in the CUD collection. The version of the scholarly record of this work is published in International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (2022), available online at: https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0543
dc.description.abstractPurpose: To investigate differences in athletes' knowledge, beliefs, and training practices during COVID-19 lockdowns with reference to sport classification and sex. This work extends an initial descriptive evaluation focusing on athlete classification. Methods: Athletes (12,526; 66% male; 142 countries) completed an online survey (May-July 2020) assessing knowledge, beliefs, and practices toward training. Sports were classified as team sports (45%), endurance (20%), power/technical (10%), combat (9%), aquatic (6%), recreational (4%), racquet (3%), precision (2%), parasports (1%), and others (1%). Further analysis by sex was performed. Results: During lockdown, athletes practiced body-weight-based exercises routinely (67% females and 64% males), ranging from 50% (precision) to 78% (parasports). More sport-specific technical skills were performed in combat, parasports, and precision (∼50%) than other sports (∼35%). Most athletes (range: 50% [parasports] to 75% [endurance]) performed cardiorespiratory training (trivial sex differences). Compared to prelockdown, perceived training intensity was reduced by 29% to 41%, depending on sport (largest decline: ∼38% in team sports, unaffected by sex). Some athletes (range: 7%-49%) maintained their training intensity for strength, endurance, speed, plyometric, change-of-direction, and technical training. Athletes who previously trained ≥5 sessions per week reduced their volume (range: 18%-28%) during lockdown. The proportion of athletes (81%) training ≥60 min/session reduced by 31% to 43% during lockdown. Males and females had comparable moderate levels of training knowledge (56% vs 58%) and beliefs/attitudes (54% vs 56%). Conclusions: Changes in athletes' training practices were sport-specific, with few or no sex differences. Team-based sports were generally more susceptible to changes than individual sports. Policy makers should provide athletes with specific training arrangements and educational resources to facilitate remote and/or home-based training during lockdown-type events. © 2022 Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.. All rights reserved.
dc.identifier.citation• Washif, J. A., Sandbakk, Ø., Seiler, S., Haugen, T., Farooq, A., Quarrie, K., Janse van Rensburg, D. C., Krug, I., Verhagen, E., Wong, D. P., Mujika, I., Cortis, C., Haddad, M., Ahmadian, O., Al Jufaili, M., Al-Horani, R. A., Al-Mohannadi, A. S., Aloui, A., Ammar, A., Arifi, F., Aziz, A. R., Batuev, M., Beaven, C. M., Beneke, R., Bici, A., Bishnoi, P., Bogwasi, L., Bok, D., Boukhris, O., Boullosa, D., Bragazzi, N., Brito, J., Palacios Cartagena, R. P., Chaouachi, A., Cheung, S. S., Chtourou, H., Cosma, G., Debevec, T., DeLang, M. D., Dellal, A., Dönmez, G., Driss, T., Peña Duque, J. D., Eirale, C., Elloumi, M., Foster, C., Franchini, E., Fusco, A., Galy, O., Gastin, P. B., Gill, N., Girard, O., Gregov, C., Halson, S., Hammouda, O., Hanzlíková, I., Hassanmirzaei, B., Hébert-Losier, K., Muñoz Helú, H., Herrera-Valenzuela, T., Hettinga, F. J., Holtzhausen, L., Hue, O., Dello Iacono, A., Ihalainen, J. K., James, C., Joseph, S., Kamoun, K., Khaled, M., Khalladi, K., Kim, K. J., Kok, L., MacMillan, L., Mataruna-Dos-Santos, L. J., Matsunaga, R., Memishi, S., Millet, G. P., Moussa-Chamari, I., Musa, D. I., Nguyen, H. M. T., Nikolaidis, P. T., Owen, A., Padulo, J., Pagaduan, J. C., Perera, N. P., Pérez-Gómez, J., Pillay, L., Popa, A., Pudasaini, A., Rabbani, A., Rahayu, T., Romdhani, M., Salamh, P., Sarkar, A., Schillinger, A., Setyawati, H., Shrestha, N., Suraya, F., Tabben, M., Trabelsi, K., Urhausen, A., Valtonen, M., Weber, J., Whiteley, R., Zrane, A., Zerguini, Y., Zmijewski, P., Ben Saad, H., Pyne, D. B., Taylor, L., & Chamari, K. (2022). COVID-19 Lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes’ Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 17(8), 1242-1256. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0543
dc.identifier.issn15550265
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0543
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12519/715
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherHuman Kinetics Publishers Inc.
dc.relationAuthors Affiliations: Washif, J.A., Sports Performance Division, Institut Sukan Negara Malaysia, National Sports Institute of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Sandbakk, Ø., Center for Elite Sports Research, Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Seiler, S., Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, University of Agder, Kristiansand, Norway; Haugen, T., School of Health Sciences, Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway; Farooq, A., Aspetar, Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar; Quarrie, K., New Zealand Rugby, Wellington, New Zealand; Janse van Rensburg, D.C., Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, World Netball, Manchester, United Kingdom; Krug, I., Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Verhagen, E., Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Collaboration on Health & Safety in Sports, Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Wong, D.P., School of Nursing and Health Studies, Hong Kong Metropolitan University, Hong Kong; Mujika, I., Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country, Basque, Leioa, Spain, Exercise Science Laboratory, School of Kinesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Finis Terrae, Santiago, Chile; Cortis, C., Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Cassino, Italy; Haddad, M., Physical Education Department, College of Education, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; Ahmadian, O., Medical Committee of Tehran Football Association, Tehran, Iran; Jufaili, M.A., Emergency Medicine Department, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Alkhoudh, Oman; Al-Horani, R.A., Department of Exercise Science, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan; Al-Mohannadi, A.S., World Innovation Summit for Health (WISH), Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar; Aloui, A., Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sports, Tunis, Tunisia, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Gafsa, Gafsa, Tunisia; Ammar, A., Department of Training and Movement Science, Institute of Sport Science, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Mainz, Germany, Interdisciplinary Laboratory in Neurosciences, Physiology and Psychology: Physical Activity, Health and Learning (LINP2), UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, Nanterre, France; Arifi, F., Physical Culture, Sports and Recreation, College Universi, Kosovo, Prishtina, Serbia, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Tetova, Tetovo, North Macedonia; Aziz, A.R., Sport Science and Sport Medicine, Singapore Sport Institute, Sport Singapore, Singapore, Singapore; Batuev, M., Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; Beaven, C.M., Division of Health, Engineering, Computing and Science, Te Huataki Waiora School of Health, University of Waikato, Tauranga, New Zealand; Beneke, R., Division of Medicine, Training and Health, Institute of Sport Science and Motology, Philipps University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany; Bici, A., Applied Motion Department, Institute of Sport Research, Sports University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania; Bishnoi, P., Physiotherapy Department, Minerva Punjab Academy and Football Club, Mohali, India; Bogwasi, L., Department of Orthopedics, Nyangabgwe Hospital, Francistown, Botswana, Botswana Football Association Medical Committee, Gaborone, Botswana; Bok, D., Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; Boukhris, O., Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sports, Tunis, Tunisia, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia; Boullosa, D., INISA, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Brazil, Sport and Exercise Science, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia; Bragazzi, N., Laboratory for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (LIAM), Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada; Brito, J., Portugal Football School, Portuguese Football Federation, Oeiras, Portugal; Cartagena, R.P.P., Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain; Chaouachi, A., Tunisian Research Laboratory, Sport Performance Optimisation, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia, Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Aukland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand; Cheung, S.S., Department of Kinesiology, Brock University, St. Catharines, ON, Canada; Chtourou, H., Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sports, Tunis, Tunisia, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia; Cosma, G., Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Craiova, Craiova, Romania; Debevec, T., Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia, Department of Automation, Biocybernetics and Robotics, Jozef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia; DeLang, M.D., Right to Dream Academy, Old Akrade, Ghana; Dellal, A., Sport Science and Research Department, Centre Orthopédique Santy, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Lyon, France, Laboratoire Interuniversitaire de Biologie de la Motricité (LIBM EA), Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, Lyon, France; Dönmez, G., Department of Sports Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey; Driss, T., Interdisciplinary Laboratory in Neurosciences, Physiology and Psychology: Physical Activity, Health and Learning (LINP2), UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, Nanterre, France; Duque, J.D.P., Al Hilal Football Club, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Eirale, C., Paris Saint-Germain FC, Paris, France; Elloumi, M., Health and Physical Education Department, Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Foster, C., Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, WI, United States; Franchini, E., Sport Department, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Fusco, A., Department of Human Sciences, Society and Health, University of Cassino and Lazio Meridionale, Cassino, Italy; Galy, O., Interdisciplinary Laboratory for Research in Education, EA 7483, University of New Caledonia, Nouméa, New Caledonia; Gastin, P.B., Sport and Exercise Science, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia; Gill, N., Division of Health, Engineering, Computing and Science, Te Huataki Waiora School of Health, University of Waikato, Tauranga, New Zealand; Girard, O., School of Human Science (Exercise and Sport Science), The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia; Gregov, C., Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; Halson, S., School of Behavioural and Health Sciences, McAuley at Banyo, Australian Catholic University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Hammouda, O., Interdisciplinary Laboratory in Neurosciences, Physiology and Psychology: Physical Activity, Health and Learning (LINP2), UFR STAPS, UPL, Paris Nanterre University, Nanterre, France, Research Laboratory, Molecular Bases of Human Pathology, LR19ES13, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia; Hanzlíková, I., Division of Health, Engineering, Computing and Science, Te Huataki Waiora School of Health, University of Waikato, Tauranga, New Zealand; Hassanmirzaei, B., Sports Medicine Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran Football Medical Assessments and Rehabilitation Center (IF-MARC), FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Tehran, Iran; Hébert-Losier, K., Division of Health, Engineering, Computing and Science, Te Huataki Waiora School of Health, University of Waikato, Tauranga, New Zealand; Helú, H.M., Department of Economic-Administrative Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Occidente, Sinaloa, Los Mochis, Mexico; Herrera-Valenzuela, T., Department of Physical Activity, Sports and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Santiago of Chile (USACH), Santiago, Chile, Sciences of Physical Activity, Sports and Health School, University of Santiago of Chile (USACH), Santiago, Chile; Hettinga, F.J., Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; Holtzhausen, L., Aspetar, Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar, Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, Weil-Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Doha, Qatar, Department of Exercise and Sports Science, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; Hue, O., Laboratoire ACTES, UFR-STAPS, Université des Antilles, Pointe à Pitre, France; Dello Iacono, A., School of Health and Life Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, Hamilton, United Kingdom; Ihalainen, J.K., Biology of Physical Activity, Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland; James, C., Sports Performance Division, Institut Sukan Negara Malaysia, National Sports Institute of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Joseph, S., Sports Authority of India, Bangalore, India; Kamoun, K., Tunisian Research Laboratory, Sport Performance Optimisation, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia; Khaled, M., SEHA, Singapore, Singapore; Khalladi, K., Aspetar, Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar; Kim, K.J., Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Geriatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; Kok, L.-Y., Department of Sport Science, Tunku Abdul Rahman University College, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; MacMillan, L., Sport Science Department, Fulham Football Club, London, United Kingdom; Mataruna-Dos-Santos, L.J., Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relation, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Management, Canadian University Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, Programa Avancado de Cultura Contemporanea, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Matsunaga, R., Antlers Sports Clinic, Kashima, Japan, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Ibaraki, Japan; Memishi, S., Faculty of Physical Education, University of Tetova, Tetovo, North Macedonia; Millet, G.P., Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Moussa-Chamari, I., Physical Education Department, College of Education, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar; Musa, D.I., Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria; Nguyen, H.M.T., Ho Chi Minh City University of Sport, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam; Nikolaidis, P.T., School of Health and Caring Sciences, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece; Owen, A., Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, Lyon, France, Seattle Sounders Football Club, Seattle, WA, United States; Padulo, J., Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy; Pagaduan, J.C., School of Health Sciences, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Launceston, TAS, Australia; Perera, N.P., Sports Medicine, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, ACT, Australia, University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise (UCRISE), University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT, Australia, Nuffield Department of Orthopedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Pillay, L., Section Sports Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa, Wits Institute for Sports Health, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa; Popa, A., Health and Sport Science Department, Educational Faculty, Mahasarakham University, Mahasarakham, Thailand; Pudasaini, A., Medical Department, All Nepal Football Association (ANFA), Lalitpur, Nepal; Rabbani, A., Department of Exercise Physiology, College of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran; Rahayu, T., Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia; Romdhani, M., Physical Activity, Sport and Health, UR18JS01, National Observatory of Sports, Tunis, Tunisia; Pérez-Gómez, J., Health, Economy, Motricity and Education (HEME) Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain; Salamh, P., Krannert School of Physical Therapy, University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, United States; Sarkar, A.-S., Bashundhara Kings, Nilphamari, Bangladesh; Schillinger, A., Miskawaan Health Group, Bangkok, Thailand; Setyawati, H., Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia; Shrestha, N., Medical Department, All Nepal Football Association (ANFA), Lalitpur, Nepal, Physiotherapy Department, BP Eyes Foundation, CHEERS Hospital, Bhaktapur, Nepal; Tabben, M., Aspetar, Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar; Trabelsi, K., High Institute of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia, Research Laboratory: Education, Motricity, Sport and Health, EM2S, LR19JS01, University of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia; Urhausen, A., Sports Clinic, Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg, Clinique d'Eich, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Luxembourg Institute of Research in Orthopedics, Sports Medicine and Science, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Human Motion, Orthopedics, Sports Medicine and Digital Methods, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg, Luxembourg; Suraya, F., Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia; Valtonen, M., Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Jyväskylä, Finland; Weber, J., Institute for Sports Science, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Kiel, Germany, Neurocognition and Action, University of Bielefeld, Bielefeld, Germany; Whiteley, R., Aspetar, Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia; Zrane, A., Department of Physiology and Lung Function Testing, Faculty ofMedicine of Sousse, University of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Bizerte, Tunisia, High Institute of Sport and Physical Education Ksar-Said, University ofManouba, Manouba, Tunisia; Zerguini, Y., FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Algiers, Algeria, Medical Committee, Confederation of African Football, Egypt; Zmijewski, P., Jozef Pilsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; Saad, H.B., Laboratoire de Recherche “Insuffisance Cardiaque” (LR12SP09), Hôpital Farhat HACHED, Université de Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia, Laboratoire de Physiologie, Faculté de Médicine de Sousse, Université de Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia; Pyne, D.B., University of Canberra Research Institute for Sport and Exercise (UCRISE), University of Canberra, Bruce, ACT, Australia; Taylor, L., School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine (NCSEM), Loughborough University, Loughborough, United Kingdom, Human Performance Research Centre, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia, Sport & Exercise Discipline Group, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Chamari, K., Aspetar, Orthopedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, FIFA Medical Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance; Volume 17, Issue 8
dc.rightsPermission to reuse abstract has been secured from Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.
dc.rights.holderCopyright: © 2022 Human Kinetics Publishers Inc. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectcrowd-sourced data
dc.subjectmultinational sample
dc.subjectonline survey
dc.subjectperception
dc.subjectremote training
dc.titleCOVID-19 Lockdown: A Global Study Investigating the Effect of Athletes' Sport Classification and Sex on Training Practices
dc.typeArticle
dcterms.rightsHolderAccepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 2022, 17 (8): 1242 - 1256, https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2021-0543. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Files
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Thumbnail Image
Name:
Access Instruction 715.pdf
Size:
101.67 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
2.01 KB
Format:
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission
Description:
Collections