Chitosan-phenylalanine nanoparticles (Cs-Phe Nps) extend the postharvest life of persimmon (diospyros kaki) fruits under chilling stress

Date
2021-07
Authors
Nasr, Fahimeh
Pateiro, Mirian
Rabiei, Vali
Razavi, Farhang
Formaneck, Steven
Gohari, Gholamreza
Lorenzo, José M.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
MDPI AG
Abstract
There are high levels of damage imposed on persimmon fruit postharvest, especially after storing it in cold storage, which causes chilling injury (CI). To reduce this stress on the fruit, the conventional way is to use chemical treatments. Since there is a limitation in the use of chemical materials, it is necessary to apply non-harmful treatments to decrease chilling injury and maintain the quality of persimmon in cold storage. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of chitosan-loaded phenylalanine nanoparticles (Cs-Phe NPs) (2.5 and 5 mM) on physiochemical and quality factors of persimmon (Diospyros kaki) during 45 days of storage at 4◦C (38◦F) and evaluate the impact of Cs-Phe NPs on the preserving quality in order to reduce the chilling injury of this fruit. The experiment was conducted using a completely randomized design with three replications. Treatments were applied at 15, 30, and 45 days after storage at 4◦C with ≥90% relative humidity. The size of Cs-Phe NPs was less than 100 nm, approximately. The results showed that application of 5 mM of Cs-Phe NPs delayed the negative effects of chilling stress and enhanced antioxidant capacity, firmness, and total soluble solids of persimmon fruit. Lower H2O2 and malonaldehyde (MDA) accumulation along with higher soluble tannin and total carotenoid accumulation in persimmon fruit treated with 5 mM Cs-Phe NPs was also observed. Fruit coated using Cs-Phe NPs in both concentrations (2.5 and 5 mM) showed the highest antioxidant enzyme activity for superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and the lowest for polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and chilling injury during storage. According to our results, 5 mM of Cs-Phe NPs could be considered as the best treatment under chilling-stress conditions. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Description
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article is published in Coatings (2021), available online at: https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11070819
Keywords
Antioxidant enzymes, Chilling index, Nanotechnology, Post-harvest conditions, Shelf life
Citation
Nasr, F., Pateiro, M., Rabiei, V., Razavi, F., Formaneck, S., Gohari, G., & Lorenzo, J. M. (2021). Chitosan-phenylalanine nanoparticles (cs-phe nps) extend the postharvest life of persimmon (diospyros kaki) fruits under chilling stress. Coatings, 11(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11070819