The PISA performance gap between national and expatriate students in the United Arab Emirates

Date
2022-04
Authors
Marquez, Jose
Lambert, Louise
Ridge, Natasha Y
Walker, Stuart
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
SAGE Publications Ltd
Abstract
In most education systems, students with an immigrant background perform worse academically than do native students. However, in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) differences emerge in the opposite direction and the national-expatriate gap in academic performance is equivalent to almost three years of schooling. This gap is a concern in the UAE, where national students mainly attend public schools while expatriates mostly attend private schools. In this study, to investigate the performance gap between national and expatriate students we estimate group differences and conduct linear regression analysis using data from the 2018 Programme for International Student Assessment. Results show that the gap varies by emirate and country of origin, and is greater among boys, better-off students and those attending private schools. Between 33% and 47% of this gap is explained by school type, whether public or private. We offer recommendations for the UAE that may also be useful for other high expatriate recruiting nations in development; however, in a country characterized by 85% expatriates and a maturing education policy, challenges remain. © The Author(s) 2022.
Description
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this conference paper is published in Journal of Research in International Education (2022), available online at: https://doi.org/10.1177/14752409221090440
Keywords
education, education policy, expatriates, gender, PISA, private/public schools, United Arab Emirates
Citation
Marquez, J., Lambert, L., Ridge, N. Y., & Walker, S. (2022). The PISA performance gap between national and expatriate students in the United Arab Emirates. Journal of Research in International Education, 21(1), 22-45. https://doi.org/10.1177/14752409221090440