Cybersecurity awareness: A critical analysis of education and law enforcement methods

dc.contributor.authorBaadel, Said
dc.contributor.authorThabtah, Fadi
dc.contributor.authorLu, Joan© 2021
dc.descriptionThis article is licensed under Creative Commons License and full text is openly accessible in CUD Digital Repository. The version of the scholarly record of this article is published in Informatica (Slovenia) (2021), accessible online through this link
dc.description.abstractAccording to the international Anti-Phishing Work Group (APWG), phishing activities have abruptly risen over the last few years, and users are becoming more susceptible to online and mobile fraud. Machine Learning techniques have potential for building technical anti-phishing models, with a handful already implemented in the real time environment. However, majority of them have yet to be applied in a real time environment and require domain experts to interpret the results. This gives conventional techniques a vital role as supportive tools for a wider audience, especially novice users. This paper reviews in-depth, common, phishing countermeasures including legislation, law enforcement, hands-on training, and education among others. A complete prevention layer based on the aforementioned approaches is suggested to increase awareness and report phishing to different stakeholders, including organizations, novice users, researchers, and computer security experts. Therefore, these stakeholders can understand the upsides and downsides of the current conventional approaches and the ways forward for improving them. © 2021 Slovene Society Informatika. All rights reserved.en_US
dc.identifier.citationBaadel, S., Thabtah, F., & Lu, J. (2021). Cybersecurity awareness: A critical analysis of education and law enforcement methods. Informatica (Slovenia), 45(3), 335-345.
dc.publisherSlovene Society Informatikaen_US
dc.relationAuthors Affiliations : Baadel, S., Canadian University Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Thabtah, F., ASDTests, Auckland, New Zealand; Lu, J., University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, United Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInformatica (Slovenia);Volume 45, Issue 3
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
dc.rights.holderCopyright : © 2021 Slovene Society Informatika. All rights reserved.
dc.subjectCyber securityen_US
dc.subjectEmbedded trainingen_US
dc.subjectLaw enforcementen_US
dc.subjectSpear phishingen_US
dc.titleCybersecurity awareness: A critical analysis of education and law enforcement methodsen_US
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