Using blockchain to ensure trust between donor agencies and ngos in under-developed countries

dc.contributor.authorRehman, Ehsan
dc.contributor.authorKhan, Muhammad Asghar
dc.contributor.authorSoomro, Tariq Rahim
dc.contributor.authorTaleb, Nasser
dc.contributor.authorAfifi, Mohammad A.
dc.contributor.authorGhazal, Taher M.
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-13T06:09:39Z
dc.date.available2021-09-13T06:09:39Z
dc.date.copyright© 2021
dc.date.issued2021-08
dc.descriptionThis article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article is published in Computers (2021), available online at: https://doi.org/10.3390/computers10080098en_US
dc.description.abstractNon-governmental organizations (NGOs) in under-developed countries are receiving funds from donor agencies for various purposes, including relief from natural disasters and other emergencies, promoting education, women empowerment, economic development, and many more. Some donor agencies have lost their trust in NGOs in under-developed countries, as some NGOs have been involved in the misuse of funds. This is evident from irregularities in the records. For instance, in education funds, on some occasions, the same student has appeared in the records of multiple NGOs as a beneficiary, when in fact, a maximum of one NGO could be paying for a particular beneficiary. Therefore, the number of actual beneficiaries would be smaller than the number of claimed beneficiaries. This research proposes a blockchain-based solution to ensure trust between donor agencies from all over the world, and NGOs in under-developed countries. The list of National IDs along with other keys would be available publicly on a blockchain. The distributed software would ensure that the same set of keys are not entered twice in this blockchain, preventing the problem highlighted above. The details of the fund provided to the student would also be available on the blockchain and would be encrypted and digitally signed by the NGOs. In the case that a record inserted into this blockchain is discovered to be fake, this research provides a way to cancel that record. A cancellation record is inserted, only if it is digitally signed by the relevant donor agency. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.en_US
dc.identifier.citationRehman, E., Khan, M. A., Soomro, T. R., Taleb, N., Afifi, M. A., & Ghazal, T. M. (2021). Using blockchain to ensure trust between donor agencies and ngos in under-developed countries. Computers, 10(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/computers10080098en_US
dc.identifier.issn2073431X
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.3390/computers10080098
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12519/443
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_US
dc.relationAuthors Affiliations : Rehman, E., College of Computer Science and Information Systems, Institute of Business Management, Karachi, 75190, Pakistan; Khan, M.A., College of Computer Science and Information Systems, Institute of Business Management, Karachi, 75190, Pakistan; Soomro, T.R., College of Computer Science and Information Systems, Institute of Business Management, Karachi, 75190, Pakistan; Taleb, N., Faculty of Management, Canadian University of Dubai, Dubai, 117781, United Arab Emirates; Afifi, M.A., School of IT, Skyline University College, Sharjah, 1797, United Arab Emirates; Ghazal, T.M., School of IT, Skyline University College, Sharjah, 1797, United Arab Emirates, Center for Cyber Security, Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebansaan Malaysia, Bangi, 43600, Malaysia
dc.relation.ispartofseriesComputers;Volume 10, Issue 8
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution License
dc.rights.holderCopyright : © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectBlockchainen_US
dc.subjectEncryptionen_US
dc.subjectEnsuring trusten_US
dc.subjectNGOsen_US
dc.titleUsing blockchain to ensure trust between donor agencies and ngos in under-developed countriesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
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