Performances of k-means clustering algorithm with different distance metrics

Date
2021
Authors
Ghazal, Taher M.
Hussain, Muhammad Zahid
Said, Raed A.
Nadeem, Afrozah
Hasan, Mohammad Kamrul
Ahmad, Munir
Khan, Muhammad Adnan
Naseem, Muhammad Tahir
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Tech Science Press
Abstract
Clustering is the process of grouping the data based on their similar properties. Meanwhile, it is the categorization of a set of data into similar groups (clusters), and the elements in each cluster share similarities, where the similarity between elements in the same cluster must be smaller enough to the similarity between elements of different clusters. Hence, this similarity can be considered as a distance measure. One of the most popular clustering algorithms is K-means, where distance is measured between every point of the dataset and centroids of clusters to find similar data objects and assign them to the nearest cluster. Further, there are a series of distance metrics that can be applied to calculate point-to-point distances. In this research, the K-means clustering algorithm is evaluated with three different mathematical metrics in terms of execution time with different datasets and different numbers of clusters. The results indicate that the implementation of Manhattan distance measure metrics achieves the best results in most cases. These results also demonstrate that distance metrics can affect the execution time and the number of clusters created by the K-means algorithm. © 2021, Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.
Description
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article is published in Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing (2021), available online at: https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2021.019067
Keywords
Distance metrics, Euclidean distance, K-means clustering, Manhattan distance, Minkowski distance
Citation
Ghazal, T. M., Hussain, M. Z., Said, R. A., Nadeem, A., Hasan, M. K., Ahmad, M., . . . Naseem, M. T. (2021). Performances of k-means clustering algorithm with different distance metrics. Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing, 30(2), 735-742. https://doi.org/10.32604/iasc.2021.019067