Gamma distribution-based sampling for imbalanced data

Kamalov, Firuz
Denisov, Dmitry
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Elsevier B.V.
Imbalanced class distribution is a common problem in a number of fields including medical diagnostics, fraud detection, and others. It causes bias in classification algorithms leading to poor performance on the minority class data. In this paper, we propose a novel method for balancing the class distribution in data through intelligent resampling of the minority class instances. The proposed method is based on generating new minority instances in the neighborhood of the existing minority points via a gamma distribution. Our method offers a natural and coherent approach to balancing the data. We conduct a comprehensive numerical analysis of the new sampling technique. The experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms the existing state-of-the-art methods for imbalanced data. Concretely, the new sampling technique produces the best results on 12 out of 24 real life as well as synthetic datasets. For comparison, the SMOTE method achieves the top score on only 1 dataset. We conclude that the new technique offers a simple yet effective sampling approach to balance data. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article is published in Knowledge-Based Systems (2020), available online at:
Gamma distribution, Imbalanced data, Sampling, Diagnosis, Class distributions, Classification algorithm, Imbalanced class, Medical diagnostics, Sampling technique, State-of-the-art methods, Synthetic datasets, Probability distributions
Kamalov, F., & Denisov, D. (2020). Gamma distribution-based sampling for imbalanced data. Knowledge-Based Systems, 207, 106368.