COVID-19 and the new forms of employment relationship: implications and insights for human resource development

Date
2021
Authors
Hamouche, Salima
Chabani, Zakariya
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Emerald Group Holdings Ltd.
Abstract
Purpose: The labor market has witnessed the increase of the new forms of employment relationship (freelancers, contingent workers, and gig workers) due to the COVID-19 outbreak, generating new workforce patterns that represent a significant challenge for human resource development (HRD) professionals in organizations. Studies that have addressed these new forms of employment relationship and HRD during this pandemic are sparse. This paper aims to broaden the scope of HRD research by exploring the implications of these new forms of employment relationship for HRD in the time of COVID-19. It also provides insights for HRD professionals as well as governments into how to address this challenge. Design/methodology/approach: This paper is a viewpoint that addresses the new workforce patterns generated by the COVID-19 pandemic and their implications for HRD at the organizational, individual and national levels. Findings: COVID-19 sheds light on the importance of atypical workers who can create a competitive advantage for organizations, ensure their continuity and significantly benefit national and societal well-being in times of health crisis. However, these atypical workers are often overlooked when it comes to training and development. Whence the importance, for HRD professionals and governments, to address their situation and to integrate them into organizational and national HRD plans and programs, by going beyond traditional models of HRD which focus mainly on standard employees. Originality/value: This paper examines a relatively unexplored topic. Besides examining the implications of the new forms of employment relationship, for HRD, it provides insights for HRD professionals and governments into how to address the challenges related to these new forms of employment relationship. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.
Description
This article is not available at CUD collection. The version of scholarly record of this article is published in Industrial and Commercial Training (2021), available online at: https://doi.org/10.1108/ICT-11-2020-0112
Keywords
Atypical work, Contingent workers, COVID-19, Freelancers, Gig economy, Human resource development (HRD)
Citation
Hamouche, S. & Chabani, Z. (2021). COVID-19 and the new forms of employment relationship: implications and insights for human resource development. Industrial and Commercial Training, 53(4), 366-379. doi:10.1108/ICT-11-2020-0112