Validation study of a wellbeing scale (SPANE) in the Arab Gulf region: A multicountry study

Date
2022-05
Authors
Yaaqeib, Saad
Lambert, Louise
Hadjisolomou, Stavros
Al-Fazari, Manal
Selim, Heyla
Haque, Amber
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Public Library of Science
Abstract
The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) is an emerging wellbeing scale to measure the frequency of positive and negative emotions. This study explores the psychometric properties of SPANE on a sample from the Arab Gulf region. The Arab Gulf region shares cultural elements with the broader Muslim and Arab world, but maintains distinct features that warrants validation studies for psychological instruments. There were 1393 participants from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Kuwait and other Arab Gulf countries. The factorial structure of SPANE was examined using a principal axis factor analysis, followed up with a confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity was examined by correlating SPANE with the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). The findings confirmed a two-factor structure of SPANE, and demonstrated adequate psychometric properties and convergent validity. In conclusion, this study indicates that SPANE shows sufficient validity for use as a measure of wellbeing in the Arab Gulf region. © 2022 Yaaqeib et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Description
This article is licensed under Creative Commons License and full text is openly accessible in CUD Digital Repository. The version of the scholarly record of this article is published in PLoS ONE (2022), available online at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0268027
Keywords
Arabs, Factor Analysis, Statistical, Humans, Kuwait, Oman, Psychometrics, Reproducibility of Results, Saudi Arabia, Surveys and Questionnaires, United Arab Emirates
Citation
Yaaqeib, S., Lambert, L., Hadjisolomou, S., Al-Fazari, M., Selim, H., & Haque, A. (2022). Validation study of a wellbeing scale (SPANE) in the arab gulf region: A multicountry study. PLoS ONE, 17(5 May) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0268027