Human Resource Management

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    The Effects of Age on Job Crafting: Exploring the Motivations and Behavior of Younger and Older Employees in Job Crafting
    (Springer Science and Business Media B.V., 2017) Baroudi, Sabrine El ; Khapova, Svetlana N.
    Purpose: This paper contributes to the job-crafting theory of Wrzesniewski and Dutton (The Academy of Management Review 26(2):179–201, 2001) by exploring the effects of age on job-crafting behaviors (i.e., task crafting, relational crafting, and cognitive crafting) and on job-crafting motivations (i.e., the need for personal control, the desire to create and sustain a positive self-image, and the need for human connection). Design/methodology/approach: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 16 younger and 15 older employees (n = 31) at a socially responsible non-profit organization in the Netherlands. The qualitative data were analyzed in two major steps: (1) identifying job-crafting motivations and behaviors in older and younger employees and (2) identifying and comparing the differences in the job-crafting motivations and behaviors between older employees and younger employees. Findings: We found that both older and younger employees are likely to engage in job-crafting behavior to assert control over their jobs and to create a positive self-image. However, younger employees may have two different motivations (personal control and positive self-image) for engaging in such job-crafting behavior. Whereas both younger and older employees engage the most in task crafting, younger employees are more likely to engage in all three types of job-crafting behavior; additionally, we found that the three different forms of job-crafting behavior of younger employees occur in conjunction with one another. Research limitations/implications: This study contributes to the original job-crafting model of Wrzesniewski and Dutton (The Academy of Management Review 26(2):179–201, 2001) by including the effect of age in the model, and by demonstrating the importance of studying the three original main job-crafting motivations and behaviors separately from one another. Practical implications: This paper addresses the multigenerational challenges of the contemporary workforce. It demonstrates that managers may play a pivotal role in stimulating older employees to engage in job-crafting behaviors by informing them about job-crafting strategies and providing them with more opportunities to engage in job crafting. Originality/value: This paper is original in that it re-examines, refines, and enriches the job-crafting model of Wrzesniewski and Dutton (The Academy of Management Review 26(2):179–201, 2001), which is receiving a growing interest among researchers and business practitioners. © 2017, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
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    Human Resource Management Practices: A Case of Telecommunication Company in the United Arab Emirates
    (Springer Science and Business Media B.V., 2017) Sergio, Rommel Pilapil ; Moyalan, Louis Jos ; al-Ali, Hadi Ramadan ; Al Bannai, Mana Mohammed
    Human resource management (HRM) plays a critical role in any organization. It attributes to the fact that human resources are the most important asset an organization has. Employees are mandated to transform company strategies and goals into tangible outcome and for this reason, they provide a source of competitive advantage to an organization. The study utilized case study method by describing the HR practices that includes career and development programs, employee performance and evaluation system, and staffing functions of a telecommunication company in the UAE through an interview with the HR manager. The purposively selected telecommunication company has claimed to have achieved tremendous success due to its strong leadership and commitment to quality. Although the company has made strides in its HR practices, there is a need to improve to maximize the potential of its workforce. © 2017, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.
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    University lecturers acceptance of moodle platform in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic
    (Emerald Group Holdings Ltd., 2022) Taamneh, Abdallah ; Alsaad, Abdallah ; Elrehail, Hamzah ; Al-Okaily, Manaf ; Lutfi, Abdalwali ; Sergio, Rommel Pilapil
    Purpose: This study aimed at determining factors which affect university lecturers’ adoption of the Moodle platform under the conditions of COVID-19. In considering the condition of the COVID-19 pandemic, the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) model was applied and extended by adding two additional variables of learning demand and time pressure to assess their influence on Moodle platform adoption. Design/methodology/approach: Data were obtained from the 226 participants through an online structured questionnaire. The covariance-based approach of structural equation modeling was used to examine the proposed model. The structural model was tested using the maximum likelihood method of analysis of a moment structures to analyze the study’s hypotheses. Findings: Results suggest that performance expectations have a substantial influence on behavioral intent. The effort expectancy, social effect and facilitative factors have no effects on behavioral intentions. Facilitating conditions directly and significantly affect the actual use of Moodle. The results also reveal that learning demands, which is a salient predictor of perceived time pressure, in turn directly and significantly affects the actual use of Moodle. Finally, the behavioral intention has a strong influence on Moodle’s actual usage. Originality/value: Although the UTAUT 2 model is considered to be a new and updated version of UTAUT, it has not been used since newly added variables, namely, price, habit and hedonic motivations, are less related to the context and to avoid respondents’ paradox. Moreover, using the Moodle platform in the researched context is compulsory for both students and instructors. Discussion, insights, limitations and recommendations for future studies are suggested. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.
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    Understanding the antecedents of family influence in the family firm
    (Emerald Group Holdings Ltd., 2022) Bizri, Rima M.
    Purpose: What makes family influence so influential in the family firm? Time and again, research studies point to family influence as a factor that significantly impacts decision-making in the family business, thus highlighting the need to investigate the variables which cause family influence to be so powerful. The purpose of this study is to explore the construct of family influence in the family firm, under an integrative lens that combines insights from Institutional Theory and the Resource-Based View. Design/methodology/approach: The quantitative approach was used using a 35-item survey measuring 6 constructs, where data collection yielded a total of 206 completed surveys included in the data analysis. Data were analyzed using SmartPLS (3.0) and results were appropriately reported. Findings: The findings of this study propose that the two theoretical perspectives can be useful in explaining how various factors are able to intensify family influence on strategic family firm decisions like internationalization. Specifically, the lack of resources, government support, managerial knowledge and capability in foreign markets represent serious barriers that render the family firm more reliant on and subjected to family influence. Similarly, informal institutions like the fear of failure in foreign markets and uncertainty avoidance often make the family firm more dependent on, and accepting of, family influence. Originality/value: The path analysis undertaken in this study has empirically depicted how resource-related and institution-based forces can together augment the effects of “family influence,” making it a more powerful and prohibitive factor in the internationalization decision, thus offering an insightful interpretation of these results and valuable practical and theoretical implications. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.
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    Quality model construction and continuous improvement mechanism design in OBE education
    (Sciendo, 2021) Yong, Wang ; Kharabsheh, Radwan ; Bester, Francois
    The construction of quality model for outcome-based education (OBE) Education Mode is an important foundation to guarantee the effective implementation of OBE education reform. The quality model for OBE Education Mode is constructed by layers in this paper according to the reverse design characteristics of OBE Education Mode, which is centred on the students' learning outcome quality, and in accordance with the closed-loop control requirements for quality. Based on the design of the quality monitoring mechanism, the achievement evaluation mechanism and the feedback and improvement mechanism, a three-dimensional, linked and whole-process quality model system is formed with daily monitoring as the means, the achievement evaluation as the core, the feedback of evaluation result as the focus and the continuous improvement as the goal. Finally, the suggestions are made at the level of implementation to further guarantee the operation effect of the quality model, and so as to offer the important assurance for overall promotion of OBE Education Mode reform. © 2021 Wang Yong et al., published by Sciendo 2021.